|Total States||41 counties|
|Airport City||Henri Coandă International Airport, Avram Iancu International Airport, Timisoara Airport, Iasi International Airport, Transilvania International Airport|
|Offical Languages||Romanian, English, French, German, Italian|
|National Animal||Eurasian lynx|
|Food||Sarmale, Salată de vinete (roasted eggplant salad), Pomana Porcului ('pork feast')|
Autumn : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Aug
Winter : Dec - Feb
Sprint : Mar - May
Bucharest, in southern Romania, is the country's capital and commercial center. Its iconic landmark is the massive, communist-era Palatul Parlamentului government building, which has 1,100 rooms. Nearby, the historic Lipscani district is home to an energetic nightlife scene as well as tiny Eastern Orthodox Stavropoleos Church and 15th-century Curtea Veche Palace, where Prince Vlad III (“The Impaler”) once ruled.
Brașov is a city in the Transylvania region of Romania, ringed by the Carpathian Mountains. It's known for its medieval Saxon walls and bastions, the towering Gothic-style Black Church and lively cafes. Piaţa Sfatului (Council Square) in the cobbled old town is surrounded by colorful baroque buildings and is home to the Casa Sfatului, a former town hall turned local history museum.
Constanța is a city on the shores of the Black Sea, in southeastern Romania. Its long history, which goes back over 2,000 years, is documented at the National History and Archaeology Museum, near the port. The adjacent Roman Mosaics complex displays tiled floors dating back to the 4th century A.D. Nearby, the Great Mahmudiye Mosque is furnished with a vast Persian rug, while its towering minaret overlooks the city.
Located on the Black Sea, Constanta is a large port city that comes second only to Bucharest in terms of importance to the country. Remarkably, it was founded more than 2600 years ago.
While most people visit Constanta for the seaside resorts and beautiful beaches that lie nearby, the city has a lot going for it. There are lots of historic buildings and interesting museums on hand. Of these, The National Museum of History and Archaeology is undoubtedly the most interesting, with its extensive collection of artifacts and marble tombs.
With lots of nice hotels, bars, and seafood restaurants to be found in the city, Constanta is more than just a place to stop by on the way to the country’s Black Sea beaches.
Sighișoara is a city on the Târnava Mare River in Mureș County, Romania. Located in the historic region of Transylvania, Sighișoara has a population of 28,102 according to the 2011 census. It is a popular tourist destination for its well-preserved walled old town, which is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.
Cluj-Napoca, a city in northwestern Romania, is the unofficial capital of the Transylvania region. It's home to universities, vibrant nightlife and landmarks dating to Saxon and Hungarian rule. Surrounding its central square, Piața Unirii, is the Gothic-style St. Michael's Church and the dramatic Matthias Corvinus Statue of the 15th-century king. The baroque-era Bánffy Palace is now a museum showcasing Romanian art.
Sibiu is a city in Transylvania, central Romania. It’s known for Germanic architecture in its old town, the legacy of 12th-century Saxon settlers. Around the city are the remains of medieval walls and towers, including the 13th-century Council Tower. In the upper town, Brukenthal Palace now houses the Brukenthal National Museum, with European paintings. The nearby Evangelical Cathedral has gravestones in its walls.
Timișoara is a city in western Romania, known for Secessionist architecture. The central square, Piața Victoriei, is surrounded by baroque buildings and the Metropolitan Orthodox Cathedral, with its mosaic-patterned roof tiles and icon gallery. Nearby is the Habsburg-era square Piața Unirii and the Memorial Museum of the 1989 Revolution. The museum houses uniforms, documents and a film on the Ceaușescu dictatorship.
With some lovely parks, squares, and gardens scattered about the city, Timisoara is a pretty place to walk around. In 2021, it will be the European Capital of Culture, so it is a good idea to visit now before the crowds arrive.
The third largest city in the country, it is renowned for being the first to rise up against Ceausescu, the former Communist leader of Romania in 1989. Several places around Timisoara commemorate this event, such as the beautiful Victory Square and the fascinating Museum of the Revolution.
A very cosmopolitan place, Timisoara has lots of great restaurants and bars as well as a lively nightlife scene. Many people use the city as a base while exploring the surrounding region.
Târgu Mureș is the seat of Mureș County in the north-central part of Romania. It is the 16th largest Romanian city, with 134,290 inhabitants as of the 2011 census. It lies on the Mureș river, the second longest river in Romania.
Alba Iulia, is a city that serves as the seat of Alba County in the west-central part of Romania. Located on the Mureș River in the historical region of Transylvania, it has a population of 63,536. Since the High Middle Ages, the city has been the seat of Transylvania's Roman Catholic diocese.
Often overlooked by visitors to Romania, Alba Iulia is home to a magnificent star-shaped citadel; contained within its old walls are some lovely monuments, museums and more.
There is a lot of history on show in Alba Iulia’s well-preserved streets. It is here that Transylvania and Romania decided to unify together. Of particular interest is the wonderful 13th century Roman Catholic Cathedral which displays some lovely Romanesque architecture.
With a number of elegant palaces and glittering cathedrals and churches, visitors will find a lot to see and do in the citadel, in contrast to the rest of the city, which is not nearly so pretty in comparison.
Oradea is a city in northwest Romania, split by the Crișul Repede River. It’s known for baroque and art nouveau architecture, remnants of the Austro-Hungarian empire. Secessionist buildings line central Strada Republicii. Nearby, the neoclassical State Theater dominates King Ferdinand Square. The 18th-century Bishop’s Palace, with its frescoed rooms, is now home to the Museum of the Crisana Region.
Although Oradea has certainly seen better days, the city is full of beautiful, if slightly decaying buildings that date back to when it was ruled by the Austro-Hungarians.
As it dates all the way back to Roman times, there is a lot of history on show. While wandering its lively streets, you’ll find beautiful Art Nouveau mansions, Baroque churches, and Neoclassical theatres.
Located just a stone’s throw away from the Hungarian border, Oradea is a multicultural city with a large Hungarian population. Many people visit on their way to and from Hungary.
Iași is a university city in eastern Romania, near the border with Moldova. In the center is the huge St. Paraschiva Metropolitan Cathedral, a 19th-century Orthodox church built in Italian Renaissance style. Nearby, the Three Hierarchs Monastery has an exterior decorated with delicate, Moorish-style stone carvings. Backed by Palas Park’s manicured gardens, the Palace of Culture is a vast neo-Gothic building.
The largest city in the north-eastern region of Moldavia, Iasi acts as a hub for the area; as such, there is loads going on here, whether you’re into food, drink, culture or nightlife.
Due to its vast history, there are loads of architectural treasures to be found sprinkled throughout the city; old monasteries are nestled alongside elegant theatres, communist apartment blocks, and a plethora of churches – which are almost everywhere you look.
With loads of shopping on offer as well as great restaurants, bars and nightlife, Iasi’s youthful population makes it a fun and lively place to visit.
Suceava is the largest city and the seat of Suceava County, situated in the historical region of Moldavia, north-eastern Romania, and at the crossroads of Central and Eastern Europe respectively.
Despite its long history, Suceava does not have much in the way of historic sites or cultural attractions. Most people simply use it as a base from which to visit the spectacularly painted monasteries in nearby Bukovina.
Suceava’s main attraction is its impressive 14th-century fortress, but other than a few churches here and there, there is not much going on – although it does have some good restaurants and bars.
As such, it is best used as an affordable base from which to explore the surrounding region, home to some wonderful castles and churches.
The Jewish History Museum is housed in a colourful synagogue that dates from 1836 (rebuilt in 1910). Exhibits (in English and Romanian) outline Jewish contributions to Romanian history, which not all Romanians know about. In 1941, 800,000 Jews lived in Romania; today only 10,000 remain. You need your passport to enter. It was closed in 2016 for renovation and is expected to reopen in 2017.
The amazing Holy Union Temple synagogue was constructed in 1836, this building has served as a museum of Jewish history since 1978. A number of separate exhibitions display how the once vibrant Jewish community of Bucharest used to live, while there is also an impressive Jewish liturgical collection, most of which was assembled by Moses Rosen, Romania's chief rabbi from 1964-94 who founded the museum. The considerable Jewish contribution to Romanian culture is also well covered, although it could be argued that the biggest attraction is the building itself: the interior - split over three levels with two ornate galleries - is richly decorated from floor to ceiling. Note that repairs and renovations on the building are currently being carried out, with the exhibitions moved temporarily to Great Polish Synagogue.
Hidden in the former Jewish quarter of Iaşi near its historic center, the Great Synagogue is a remnant of a time well before the Holocaust, when more than half of the city’s population was Jewish. It was built in the late seventeenth century from brick and stone, with a fresco decorated interior. The beautiful sanctuary has always been the highlight of the building, with a large, wooden aron kodesh as its centerpiece. The synagogue has undergone various reconstructions and restorations over the centuries, along with enduring the effects of a natural disaster, religious intolerance, and political abuse in the course of its history. The garden that originally encircled the synagogue is long gone. After a consolidation project was halted in 2008, the Great Synagogue of Iaşi sat covered by scaffolding with no waterproofing mechanisms in place to protect it. Inclusion on the 2014 World Monuments Watch aimed to generate greater awareness about the importance of the building and the precarious state of deterioration it faced.
The Palace of the Parliament (Palatul Parlamentului) is the most recognizable creation of notorious dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu and a constant memory of Romania’s communist era. Begun in 1984 and still incomplete, the palace is one of the world’s largest government buildings. It stands 276 feet (84 meters) tall and has 12 floors and over a thousand rooms. Join a guided tour to appreciate the garish beauty of its interior and learn about its fascinating history. visit the multiple floors and painstakingly decorated rooms. Saunter through ballrooms, banquet halls and reception rooms and walk up grand staircases. Marvel at the embroidered carpets, handwoven drapes, patterned ceilings and sparkling marble floors. Admire glistening crystal chandeliers, which total 480 throughout the structure.
Explore the collections of plastic and decorative arts, numismatics, and medals at Cotroceni Palace (Palatul Cotroceni). King Carol I of Romania commissioned a classical Venetian-style palace in 1888. The north wing, which houses the presidential residence, was added later. The older part of the palace is home to the National Museum. The museum shop sells postcards, guides, brochures, religious icons, glass objects, ceramics, and textiles by renowned artists. While at the palace, hop over to the church of the former monastery, which was destroyed by the orders of Nicolae Ceauşescu in 1984.
The Revolution Square (Piaţa Revoluţiei) is deemed not only the most important and representative square of Bucharest, but also a landmark of the history of the city and of the entire country, for that matter. Thus, it is a place infused by both a cultural and a historical charge. First of all, the square is delineated by some of the most significant architectural and cultural points of reference in Bucharest. For instance, the Royal Palace and the Senate Palace border the venue, each of these building contributing with its own profile to the overall dash of the square.
Thus, the Royal Palace, home to the National Museum of Art of Romania, and the Senate Palace, reminiscent of both the heydays and the decay of the Nicolae Ceauşescu regime, are the chief architectural presences in the Revolution Square, complementing this public venue with their cultural and historical backgrounds.
Muzeul Satului is one of the greatest outdoor museums in the Balkans. There are more than 60 original houses, farmsteads, windmills, watermills and churches from all of Romania's historic regions: Transylvania, Oltenia, Dobrogea and Moldavia. Every exhibit has a plaque showing exactly where in Romania it was brought from. Some even now have recorded commentary in four languages (if the stickers are missing, press the second button for English). Most of the houses date from the mid 19th-century, but there are some, such as those from Berbeşti, in the heart of Romania - celebrated for their intricately carved entrances - which date from as early as 1775. The highlight of the museum is probably the steep belfry of the wooden Maramureş church, complete with exquisite but faded icons. You should also not miss the earth houses of Straja, dug in to the ground and topped with thatched roofs, or the brightly painted dwellings of the Danube Delta. The museum has a great souvenir shop, and a stall selling traditional Romanian sweets and cakes. It even has a restaurant, La Francu, set in an original 19th-century inn. Children love the museum, and it makes for a perfect family outing.
The National Museum of Art of Romania is the country’s prime holder of Romanian, European and Oriental art. Located in the former Royal Palace in Bucharest, it includes the National Gallery (Romanian medieval and modern art) and the European Art Gallery. Apart from numerous temporary exhibitions, visitors can also join guided tours of the former Throne Hall and other spaces of historical relevance.
The Art Collections Museum, the K.H. Zambaccian Museum and the Theodor Pallady Museum are equally part of the National Museum of Art of Romania.
This medieval church towers over Brașov’s Old Town, stretching high above its sea of red-orange roofs. Though its name, Biserica Neagră (the Black Church) may seem dark and foreboding, the building is nothing to fear. Step inside, and visitors will find a magnificent trove of cultural treasures nested within the enormous space.
Construction on the impressive Gothic church began in the 14th century. It survived the Protestant Reformation largely unscathed, but sadly wasn’t as lucky during the Great Turkish War of the 1680s. During this conflict, a nasty fire set the building ablaze. Flames licked the walls and devoured a large chunk of the interior. It took roughly a century for workers to repair and restore the grand structure. The scorched, soot-covered walls earned the church its name.
Saint Nicholas Church is a Romanian Orthodox church in Braşov, dominating the historic district of Şchei. The church was established in 1292. It was mentioned in a Papal bull issued in 1399 by Pope Boniface IX. Starting in 1495, the church was rebuilt in stone by the locals, with help from Vlad Călugărul, Voivode (Prince) of Wallachia. More help was provided around 1512 by Neagoe Basarab. Initially built in the Gothic style, it was later redone in the Baroque style. It has frescoes painted by the renowned muralist Mişu Popp. Next to St. Nicholas Church is the First Romanian School (started in 1583), and a statue of Coresi. Nearby is a cemetery, where Ioan Meşotă, Aurel Popovici, Vasile Saftu, and Nicolae Titulescu are buried.
At Prima Scoala Romaneasca, sit behind the desks at which Romania's notable people learned to write their first letters. The school was built on the grounds of the 16th-century church of St. Nicholas and remained in use until 1941. Find out more about the beginnings of typography in Brasov in the Coresi room. The library stores 6,000 schoolbooks. At the museum next door, see the oldest Bible printed on goat skin, the oldest letter in the Romanian language written in the Latin alphabet, and the first Romanian printing press. Ask the school guide to demonstrate how the printing press operates.
The White Tower was built between 1460 and 1494 and represents one of the most massive constructions of the fortification. The walls are 4 m thick in the basement and the tower is 19 m in diameter. It has battlements, holes for pitch and balconies. The tower is connected to Graft Bastion with a bridge. A fireplace is still preserved in the interior of the tower. The last restoration of the construction took place in 2005-2006 and today there is a museum in the tower's hall.
Poiana Brasov is the biggest and most luxurious mountain resort in Romania. Poiana Brasov was voted the most affordable European ski resort by telegraph.co.uk in 2008. Tens of millions in investments in recent years. Total length of ski domain is 24.5 km. Located deep in the Carpathians, yet very close to a major city, for easy access. Close to major tourist attractions, like Dracula's Castle (23km), the Rasnov Fortress (12km), and the medieval city of Brasov (14km).
One of the most pristine and well preserved mountain areas in Eastern Europe.Poiana Brasov is a part of Brasov County and is a popular ski resort in the country. Due to the cheaper prices, many tourists come to ski in Poiana Brasov from all over the world. Once the winter is gone, Poiana Brasov becomes a green jewel full of hiking opportunities for soft adventure lovers. It's a great place for a weekend away, picnic in nature and outdoor photography.
Brasov's showpiece Piata Sfatului (Council Square), known to the Saxon population as the Marktplatz, is one of the most beautiful main squares of Romania. Fully pedestrianised, the square was refurbished a couple of years ago. It has never looked better.
All around the square are sturdy houses with high lofts for storing goods, though few - if any - are still lived in. In the middle of the square is the Old City Hall, dating from 1420. Elsewhere in Piata Sfatului visitors will find a number of places to eat and drink (all of which have terraces in summer), and the startling Romanian Orthodox Cathedral at No. 3. The square hosts the Carpathian Stag Music Festival (once the city's biggest annual event, but now held infrequently) and there is usually some kind of craft market too. No bargains, but plenty of good souvenir fodder.
The historic city of Brașov is overall a standout location within mountainous central Romania, built originally by Teutonic Knights and German settlers brought in by the King of Hungary to safeguard trade routes and develop the local economy. On top of the peculiar architecture that comes with that unique history, the town also features a big landmark in the form of the one of the smallest streets in Europe, and the world.
Strada Sforii—which translates roughly as “Rope Street”—was built in the 15th century to afford fire fighting brigades passage between the major thoroughfares at either end. Given its close proximity to Brașov’s main square, Piața Sfatului, and the historically significant Gothic Lutheran church Biserica Neagră (“Black Church”) found therein, Strada Sforii has gone from an urban planning hack to a popular tourist attraction.
The multicoloured-tiled roof of Sighişoara’s Clock Tower glitters like the scales of a dragon. The tower was built in the 14th century and expanded 200 years later. It remains the prettiest sight in town, offering a magnificent panorama from the top. The views are as good a reason to visit as the museum inside, a patchy collection of Roman vessels, scythes and tombstones, and a scale model of the fortified town.
The Church on the Hill (Biserica din Deal), also known as St. Nicholas Church, is located at the top of School Hill (Dealul Scolii). The building is one of the most representative gothic structures in the region. The church was initially Catholic, but became Lutheran after the Saxons shifted to Lutheranism in 1547.
The Church on the Hill (Romanian: Biserica din Deal, German: Bergkirche) is an architecturally significant church located in Sighişoara, Mureș County in Romania.This church is the most important monument of religious architecture in Sighisoara and is one of the great churches of Transylvania, being the third largest. School on the hill Sighisoara, today "Josef Haltrich" High School, is one of the oldest schools in Transylvania. It is classified as a historical monument.
Precipitous Turda Gorge (Cheile Turzii) lies 8km west of town (as the crow flies), and it makes a stunning, if leg-stiffening, half-day hike. The canyon is nearly 3km long, with 300m-high walls sculpted in weathered limestone. Walking the gorge's length takes roughly 1½ hours each way. To get there, take a bus from Turda to the centre of Cheia (4 lei, 30 minutes). From there it’s a straightforward roadside 5km hike to the gorge (follow the ‘cheile turzii’ signs).
It's possible to drive down this road, but ask locally about road conditions and don't attempt it in poor weather. Dress for temperatures several degrees lower than in the surrounding uplands, and wear grippy footwear.
Probably one of the most popular tourist attractions in Sibiu, the Bridge of Lies (Podul Minciunilor) is a symbol of this wonderful Romanian city. The legend says that merchants that lied in the 18th century were thrown off this bridge. Designed for pedestrians online, tourists are advised not to tell lies on the Bridge of Lies because this bridge has ears and magical powers so beware.
he Holy Trinity Cathedral is the second largest orthodox church in Romania, right after the one in Suceava.
The people of Sibiu wanted to build a big cathedral in the old Sibiu, as a symbol of their orthodox faith. The Metropolitan bishop Andrei Saguna asked Emperor Franz Jozsef 1st for permission to send a circular to his diocese requesting that priests and laymen give donations. He sent the letter and the first donor was the Emperor himself, who gave 1000 gold coins. So, their wish came true on the 5th of August 1902, the anniversary of Emperor Franz Joseph 1st. The first foundation stone of the future cathedral was set then as a sign of gratitude for his support in the building of this cathedral. On that day Romanians from all over Transylvania came to Sibiu to take part at such a big event.
The Orthodox Cathedral was built in Byzantine style after the plans of architects Virgil Nagy and Kommer Jozsef from Budapest, and it’s very similar to Saint Sofia Church in Istanbul. The result is a large building with a symmetrical composition and a central plan that is trying to resume the elevation of a Byzantine basilica. The frescoes and dome paintings were made by Octavian Smigelschi and Arthur Coulin.
The square is not, however, where Sibiu began. The first market square in the city was in fact around the corner in Piata Huet. Yet by the end of the 15th century, Piata Mare (or Grosse Ring, as its Saxon inhabitants called it) was very much the centre of Sibiu, hosting markets, public meetings and - often - executions.
A walk around the square should probably begin at its - and old Sibiu’s - dominating feature: the Turnul Sfatului, or Council Tower. The symbol of the city, the tower was built during the late 13th century (no two historians agree on one set of exact dates) to protect an entrance to the building next door, which until the late 1490s was Sibiu’s Town Hall. The tower is open to visitors (10:00-20:00), and you can climb its steep steps to admire both the view of the city from the top, as well as the inner workings of the tower's clock on the way back down.
The bright yellow house next door, which possesses the enviable address of Piata Mare 1, dates from around 1650 and today hosts the La Turn restaurant, something of a Sibiu legend. In front of the building is a statue of Gheorghe Lazar, the son of peasants from nearby Avrig who was adopted by Samuel Brukenthal and who would go on in later life to found the first Romanian-language school in Bucharest. The fine green building behind Lazar is one of the square’s later constructions, a teaching and boarding house for would-be Roman-Catholic priests. It was built in the 1720s on the site of what had been the town’s tanners’ workshop.
Sibiu's Gothic centrepiece rises more than 73m over the old town. Inside, marvel at ghoulish stone skeletons, 17th-century tombs and the largest organ in Romania, all framed by a magnificent arched ceiling. Built in stages from the mid-1300s to 1520, the church was planted atop the site of an older 12th-century sanctuary. At the time of research, the main chambers were closed for long-term renovation but it was still possible to visit the front room and tower.
The tomb of Mihnea Vodă cel Rău (Prince Mihnea the Evildoer), son of Vlad Ţepeş, is behind the organ. The prince was murdered in front of the church in 1510. The four turrets on the church's tower once signified the right of the town to sentence criminals to death.
Brukenthal National Museum is the first museum from Romania and also Central Europe (opened for public in 1817) owning his existence to one of the most important personalities from Transylvania, Baron Samuel von Brukenthal,governor of this province in the second half of 18th century.
Presenting initially the baron’s European painting collection in one building, today the museum hosts a large diversity of valuable collection in 9 buildings, from which 5 are palaces built in different époques: the oldest one (having foundation elements from the 13th century) is part of the architectonic complex belonging to the Museum of History and the latest is dated from 1901 and hosts the Contemporary Art Gallery.The Brukenthal Palace is one of the most significant Baroque buildings in Romania, its construction taking place between the years 1778 and 1788. The building was raised to serve as the Baron’s official residence and a worthy display case for his collections.
One of Romania’s amazing natural wonders, Bâlea Lake is a spectacular, must-see landmark. The glacier lake has been carved 2,034 metres (6,673 feet) up into the rugged stones of the Făgăraș Mountains, named the ‘Transylvanian Alps’ by the French geographer Emmanuel de Martonne.
Bâlea Lake is not only a place to do some sightseeing but also a great spot for hiking, ice climbing, cycling or even skiing. With heights that exceed 2,000 metres (6,561 feet), the Făgăraș Mountains are perfect if you like hiking. Several hiking routes start from Bâlea Lake, going towards the mountains’ peaks and dramatic valleys. Following the marked trails, you can reach their highest peak, Moldoveanu, at 2,544 metres (8,346 feet) in a nine-hour hike or the second highest, Negoiu, at 2,535 metres (8,316 feet) in a five-hour hike.
1 ) ber 2017 Romania is a country where centuries-old traditions and crafts are strongly rooted in the local culture. A land where patriarchal rituals represent not only symbols of identity, but also celebrations of life. There is nothing unusual to see peop
Festival Month - July
2 ) ber 2017 Romania is a country where centuries-old traditions and crafts are strongly rooted in the local culture. A land where patriarchal rituals represent not only symbols of identity, but also celebrations of life. There is nothing unusual to see peop
Festival Month - April
Junii Brasovului Parade is held on the first Sunday after Easter and is an event marking the revival of nature and the beginning of spring, but also a celebration of the new year of the Dacians, Romania’s ancestors. Junii are young people who used to reside in the Schei neighbourhood, where the medieval Romanians lived when they were not allowed to dwell inside Brasov’s citadel. Today, the festival re-enacts the juni descending from the mountains on their horses, wearing traditional clothes and carrying batons, sceptres and flags. They are spread in seven groups, each having its own costumes and approaching from a different quarter of the Schei district.
3 ) Hora de la Prislop
Festival Month - August
Hora de la Prislop is a one-day festival held at the end of August in the Prislop Pass in the northern Carpathian Mountains. In the morning, the participants attend the service in the Prislop Monastery. Once the liturgy is finished, the parade of the traditional costumes follows as each participant wears folk habits representative for the area. This represents the official opening of the festivities, followed by dances, folk music and local dishes.