Poland

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Additional Information
Capital warsaw
Currency
Timezone Europe/Warsaw
Total States 16
Airport City John Paul II Kraków-Balice International Airport, Port Lotniczy Olsztyn Mazury, Rzeszów-Jasionka Airport, Katowice Airport, Lodz Airport
Ruling Type Government
Offical Languages Polish, Mazovian, Silesian,
National Animal Eagle
Food Bigos (Hunter's stew), Polskie naleśniki (Polish pancakes), Pierogi (Polish dumplings)
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Aug
Winter     : Dec - Feb
Sprint      : Mar - May


Destination



1 ) Warsaw
Popular - Capital City     Location - Warsaw, -Mazovia, -Poland

Warsaw is the capital and largest city of Poland. The metropolis stands on the Vistula River in east-central Poland and its population is officially estimated at 1.78 million residents within a greater metropolitan area of 3.1 million residents, which makes Warsaw the 8th most-populous capital city in the European Union. The city limits cover 517.24 square kilometres , while the metropolitan area covers 6,100.43 square kilometres. Warsaw is an alpha global city, a major international tourist destination, and a significant cultural, political and economic hub. Its historical old town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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2 ) Krakow
Popular - Culture     Location - Krakow, -Lesser Poland Voivodeship, -Poland

Krakow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland. Situated on the Vistula River in the Lesser Poland region, the city dates back to the 7th century. Kraków was the official capital of Poland until 1596 and has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Polish academic, economic, cultural and artistic life. Cited as one of Europe's most beautiful cities its Old Town was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


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3 ) Gdansk
Popular - Arts and Cultural     Location - Gdansk, -Pomerania, -Poland

Gdańsk (Danzig in German) is a port city on the Baltic coast of Poland. At the center of its Main Town, reconstructed after WWII, are the colorful facades of Long Market, now home to shops and restaurants. Nearby is Neptune Fountain, a 17th-century symbol of the city topped by a bronze statue of the sea god. Gdańsk is also a center for the world’s amber trade; boutiques throughout the city sell the ossified resin.
On Solidarity Square, the European Solidarity Centre tells the story of the shipyard workers’ union that brought down Poland's Communist regime. Gothic St. Mary’s Church is a massive red brick structure that holds 20,000 people. Along the Motƚawa Canal is the National Maritime Museum, which features a restored medieval shipyard crane. The neighboring town of Sopot is a popular summertime resort area, with a wide beach and long pier.
 


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4 ) Wroclaw
Popular - River     Location - Wroclaw, -Silesia, -Poland

Wrocław is a city on the Oder River in western Poland. It’s known for its Market Square, lined with elegant townhouses and featuring a modern fountain. Also on the square is the Gothic Old Town Hall, with its large astronomical clock. Nearby is the Panorama of Racławice, a painting depicting the 1794 battle for independence. The Centennial Hall auditorium, with its giant dome and tall spire, lies across the river.
In the city center, the White Stork Synagogue contains a museum detailing the Jewish history of the town. The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist has towering twin spires and multiple chapels, including the 18th-century Electoral Chapel. Nearby, the botanical garden is home to greenhouses, an alpine garden and an arboretum. The Wrocław Fountain features colorful water displays set to music and lights. Close by is Szczytnicki Park, with its manicured Japanese garden and the wooden St. John of Nepomuk church.
 


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5 ) Zakopane
Popular - Wild life & Adventure     Location - Zakopane, -Lesser Poland Voivodeship, -Poland

Zakopane is a resort town in southern Poland, at the base of the Tatras Mountains. It’s a popular departure point for winter sports and summertime mountain climbing and hiking. Kasprowy Wierch and Gubałówka, reachable by cable car and funicular, are nearby ski destinations offering sweeping mountain views. The town is also known for its turn-of-the-20th-century wooden chalets, symbols of Zakopane-style architecture.
On Krupówki Street, the town’s vibrant main thoroughfare, Zakopane-style chalets now house restaurants and shops selling traditional foods, such as oszczypek smoked cheese, and crafts inspired by the indigenous Goral people. Zakopane-style structures are now branches of the Tatra Museum, filled with original 19th- and early-20th-century furnishings. Villa Atma is a museum within Polish composer Karol Szymanowski’s former home. Outside town, Tatra National Park is known for its caves, mountain trekking, and trout fishing at Morskie Oko lake, while hiking trails lead to the top of Svinica, a mountain peak bordering Slovakia.
 


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6 ) Lodz
Popular - Night Life     Location - Lodz, -Lodz Voivodeship, -Poland

 is the third-largest city in Poland and a former industrial hub. Located in the central part of the country, it has a population of 685,285 (2018). It is the capital of Łódź Voivodeship, and is located approximately 120 kilometres (75 mi) south-west of Warsaw.[6] The city's coat of arms is an example of canting, as it depicts a boat (łódź in Polish), which alludes to the city's name.


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7 ) Poznan
Popular - Wild life & Adventure     Location - Poznan, -Greater Poland, -Poland

Poznań is a city on the Warta River in western Poland. It’s known for universities as well as its old town, with Renaissance-style buildings in Old Market Square. Poznań Town Hall houses the Historical Museum of Poznań, with exhibits on the city. The town hall's clock features mechanical goats that butt heads at noon. The Gothic and baroque Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral is built on an island called Ostrów Tumski.
The cathedral’s Golden Chapel is home to the crypts of Polish rulers Mieszko I and Bolesław the Brave. Just beyond the town center, the neo-Romanesque Imperial Castle features a throne room and a courtyard with a lion fountain. The nearby Monument to the Victims of June 1956 (Pomnik Ofiar Czerwca 1956) commemorates a Communist workers’ uprising. The art deco Palm House has a greenhouse, tropical plants and an aquarium. Citadel Park’s slopes mark the last stand of the Nazi stronghold in 1945 and now feature soldier memorials and 2 army museums. Lake Malta is known for the floating Malta Fountain and an indoor ice-skating rink.
 


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8 ) Lublin
Popular - High Tech City     Location - Lublin, -Silesia, -Poland

Lublin is the ninth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest city of Lesser Poland. It is the capital and the center of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 339,682. Lublin is the largest Polish city east of the Vistula River and is about 170 km to the southeast of Warsaw by road. One of the events that greatly contributed to the city's development was the Polish-Lithuanian Union of Krewo in 1385. Lublin thrived as a centre of trade and commerce due to its strategic location on the route between Vilnius and Kraków; the inhabitants had the privilege of free trade in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

The Lublin Parliament session of 1569 led to the creation of a real union between the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, thus creating the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Lublin witnessed the early stages of Reformation in the 16th century. A Calvinist congregation was founded and groups of radical Arians appeared in the city, making it an important global centre of Arianism. At the turn of the century, Lublin was recognized for hosting a number of outstanding poets, writers, and historians of the epoch.


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9 ) Sopot
Popular - Beach     Location - Sopot, -Pomerania, -Poland

Sopot is a town on the Baltic Sea in northern Poland. Along with neighboring cities Gdynia and Gdańsk, it forms the so-called Tri-City metropolitan area. Sopot is known for its health spas, sandy beach and its long wooden pier that extends into the Bay of Gdańsk. The Crooked House is a surreal building modeled on fairy-tale illustrations. It's on Sopot’s pedestrianized main street, Monciak, also called Monte Cassino.
Sopot's side streets are lined with art nouveau houses, galleries, shops and cafes. In a square by the seafront, the sprawling Spa House has a pump room and offers samples of the local mineral water. It also contains the National Gallery of Art, showing works from Poland and abroad. Next door, the Sopot Lighthouse has coastal views. To the south, the early-20th-century Villa Claaszen houses the Sopot Museum’s local-history exhibits. To the north is an offshoot of the Archaeological Museum in Gdańsk featuring reconstructed medieval defenses. The Forest Opera amphitheater hosts opera and other music events.


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10 ) Torun
Popular - Metropolitan City     Location - Torun, -Pomerania, -Poland

Toruń is a historical city on the Vistula River in north-central Poland, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its population was 202,074, as of December 2018. Previously, it was the capital of the Toruń Voivodeship and the Pomeranian Voivodeship. Since 1999, Toruń has been a seat of the self-government of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship and, as such, is one of its two capitals, together with Bydgoszcz. The cities and neighboring counties form the Bydgoszcz–Toruń twin city metropolitan area. Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland, with the first settlement dated back to the 8th century and later having been expanded in 1233 by the Teutonic Knights. Over centuries, it was the home for people of diverse backgrounds and religions. From 1264 until 1411 Toruń was part of the Hanseatic League and by the 17th century it was one of the elite trading points, which greatly affected the city's architecture ranging from Brick Gothic to Mannerism and Baroque. In the early-modern age, Toruń was a royal city of Poland and it was one of the four largest cities in the country at the time. After the partitions of Poland it was part of Prussia and later the German Empire.
 


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11 ) Katowice
Popular - Industrial and Technology     Location - Katowice, -Silesia, -Poland

Katowice is a city east of Krakow, in the Silesian province of southern Poland. A large dome crowns the Cathedral of Christ the King, built between 1927 and 1955. The adjacent Archdiocesan Museum exhibits Silesian sacred art. The ultramodern Silesian Museum features several glass structures on the site of a former coal mine. It exhibits Polish art and chronicles the history of Upper Silesia.
The mine’s former hoist shaft tower offers panoramic city views. Nearby, Spodek is a distinctive 1971 sports and concert venue resembling a flying saucer. Consisting of 3 enormous bronze wings, the Silesian Insurgents' Monument commemorates 3 uprisings against the German authorities after WWI. The Museum of Katowice History includes original furnishings from its 1908 building, along with exhibits detailing the city’s past. A branch of the museum in nearby Nikiszowiec re-creates the everyday lives of workers who lived in the district. Vast Silesia Park has a planetarium, a zoo and an ethnographic park with centuries-old buildings


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Activity



1 ) Warsaw Jewish Ghetto (Getto Zydowskie)
Activity Category - Monuments

As with many places around Poland, the Warsaw Jewish Ghetto (Getto Zydowskie) serves as both a reminder of and a glimpse into the horrors inflicted by the Nazi regime during World War II.

Established in 1940 and featuring walls up to three metres high, the ghetto was the largest in Nazi-occupied Europe. By 1942, it contained over 400,000 Jews from Warsaw who were forced to live in squalor. In combination with atrocious living conditions, deportations to concentration camps, and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, at least 300,000 of the ghetto’s Jewish inhabitants perished.

 

 

Cultural and theme tours paint a haunting picture of what it must have been like to live here during the height of the Nazi regime. Today, three sections of the wall that once segregated the Jewish population remain intact, which visitors can see on walking tours of the area. Other landmarks worth seeing on guided tours include the Warsaw Uprising Monument, the Monument to the Ghetto Heroes, and the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews.


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2 ) Warsaw Royal Castle (Zamek Krolewski)
Activity Duration - 10am–8pm     Activity Category - Castle

More a palace than a castle, this building is the pride of Warsaw, reconstructed from a pile of rubble at incredible cost between 1971 and 1984. Much of the furniture was donated by now deceased commie buddies such as the GDR and USSR, and much of the money for rebuilding came from generous donations from exiled Poles. Dating back to the 14th century, the castle has been the residence of Polish kings, then of the president and then the seat of parliament. The prescribed tour will take you through the Kings' apartments and chambers, heavily adorned with paintings of famous Polish moments. Maps on the wall reflect Poland's greatest days, when it stretched from the Baltic to the Black Sea. The apartments of Prince Józef Poniatowskiare also open to the public, although a separate ticket is needed, and includes his surprisingly cerulean bedroom and grand collection of paintings.


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3 ) Warsaw Old Town Market Square
Activity Category - Market

If you're dreaming of a quiet drink in a cobblestone square, basking in the shade of ornately painted townhouses and listening to the gentle bustle of passersby and horse-drawn carriages, Warsaw's Old Town Market Square is about as good as it gets. Here you can easily feel yourself transported to another world. The renaissance architecture surrounding the square has been exquisitely reconstructed, while the square itself is surprisingly small and quiet, a refreshing change from the rush of the surrounding modern city.

Ringing the square are several charming little cafés and restaurants, most of which set up tables in fenced-off seating areas during the summer. In the evening, the square is filled with the subdued noise of clinking glasses, laughter and music, as diners relax and enjoy the beautiful surroundings late into the evening, often entertained by street performers. By day, stands selling handmade trinkets, paintings and other souvenirs are often set up.

The site and general outline of the Market Square date back to the 13th century, and until the end of the 18th century and the gradual expansion of the city into a modern metropolis, this remained Warsaw's heart and soul, its most important meeting point. The city thrived on the trade that went on here; fairs and city festivities were held here, as well as public executions. Famous victims of these executions include Piekarski, the madman who attempted to assassinate King Zygmunt III (the one whose monument stands atop its high column in front of the Royal Castle), and a pile of outlawed Lutheran texts.

After the last of the Dukes of Mazovia died in 1526 (or was poisoned, according to local legend) and the Warsaw area passed to the Polish Crown, a Town Hall (long since pulled down) was built here, and the market square became even more important, the centre of city administration. City leaders and wealthy families built their homes around this important city centre, creating the beautiful display of colour and form that we see today.


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4 ) St John's Cathedral (Katedra Sw Jana)
Activity Category - Historical Place

St. John's Cathedral (Polish: Katedra św. Jana), located in Warsaw's Old Town, is one of 3 cathedrals in the Polish capital. St. John's stands immediately adjacent to Warsaw's Jesuit church, and is one of the oldest churches in the city and the main church of the Warsaw archdiocese. St. John's Cathedral is one of Poland's national pantheons. Along with the city, the church has been listed by UNESCO as of cultural significance. /source: en.wikipedia.org/ Model made in Building Maker and SketchUp.


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5 ) The Royal Way in Warsaw
Activity Category - Culture

The Royal Route connects three former residences of Polish rulers: The Royal Castle, Łazienki Królewskie and Wilanów Palace. It is the city’s most famous route. Among the buildings lining the streets Krakowskie Przedmieście and Nowy Świat are the Presidential Palace, the Warsaw University campus, as well as beautiful churches and townhouses. The Route continues along the elegant and green Aleje Ujazdowskie, with embassies and ministries situated along the way. The historical route ends at Wilanów Palace. The Route is not to be missed in the wintertime when it is illuminated with thousands of lights as part of the Great Illumination.


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6 ) Wieliczka Salt Mine
Activity Category - Adventure

Spice up your stay in the Polish city with a visit to the Wieliczka Salt Mines! Experience the underground labyrinth down up to nine levels at 210 to 1,073 feet below the surface of the Earth. Join your guide as they led you through a number of chambers and dark underground lakes, shrines, and salt monuments. Learn about the traces of mining activity from generations past that evoked preservations of sacred art, rock formations, and theme compositions that conjured up years of mining myths in recent history. Finish your trip with a revealing elevator ride back to the surface.


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7 ) Rynek Glowny (Main Market Square)
Activity Category - Market

The vast Main Market Square is the focus of the Old Town, and is Europe's largest medieval town square (200m by 200m). Its most prominent features are the 16th-century Cloth Hall at the centre, a 15th-century Town Hall Tower and a striking bronze statue of Polish 19th-century romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz on the square's eastern side.


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8 ) Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum
Activity Category - Museum

Learn about the history and gain a deeper understanding of the Holocaust and the Nazi concentration camps on a full-day tour of Auschwitz-Birkenau from Krakow. An English-speaking driver will pick you up from a pre-arranged meeting point in Krakow (please note that pickup is only at the meeting point) and transfer you in a comfortable vehicle. Upon arrival at the Auschwitz Museum, a local guide and educator can be provided in one of five available languages.

Visit both Auschwitz I and Auschwitz II-Birkenau to acquire a proper sense of the place that has become the symbol of the Holocaust as well as Nazi crimes against Poles, Romas, and other groups. Become more educated about the UNESCO World Heritage Site as you visit the remaining prison blocks, gas chambers, and crematoria buildings. See the remains of the railway ramp in Birkenau, where the prisoners would be transported.

You will spend between 1 hour and 20 minutes and 1 hour and 45 minutes in Auschwitz I then you will have a 10-minute break for lunch (please bring your own lunch) and then you will spend between 40 minutes and 1 hour in Auschwitz II Birkenau. The exact duration depends on the weather conditions and the size of the group. The ride between Krakow and the Museum is 1 hour and 20 minutes.


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9 ) Mt. Gubalówka
Activity Category - Mountains

The popular skiing area at Mt Gubałówka is easily accessible from central Zakopane on this funicular railway. The railway travels 1.3km in 3½ minutes and climbs around 300m. Hop on just north of ul Krupówki. Operating hours vary considerably throughout the year, but are reliably posted online.


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10 ) Tatra Mountains Tours
Activity Category - Mountains

Stretching for 57 corrugated kilometres, the Tatra Mountains have a restful side, too: unwind in spa-and-lake getaway Štrbské Pleso, or make merry at the lesser-touristed eastern edge of the range, the Belá Tatras, where highlander folk culture is vividly expressed.

 


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11 ) Wawel Hill
Activity Duration - 9:30am–5pm     Activity Category - Castle

The Wawel Castle used to be a home and a fortress of Polish kings while Krakow was the capital of the country. It has been a pride of the nation and a symbol of the regnant.

Wawel Castle is one of the most important, the most beautiful, and the biggest Polish castles. Located on a hill, it is a complex of buildings surrounding a majestic yard.

Rebuilt and renovated many times due to fires, thefts and wars, it encompasses many different architectural styles. This incredible diversion lets us leave modern days behind and enter time machine while discovering the castle and admiring it’s striking beauty.

Today the Wawel Castle is a museum in which you can marvel at the highest class works of art – stunning paintings, beautiful scultpures, sophisticated tapestries and many more.

The castle also houses an important art conservation centre.


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12 ) Ghetto Heroes Square (Plac Bohaterów Getta)
Activity Category - Historical Place

Among the many Krakow historic monuments and memorial sites there is a very unlikely one. Almost everyone asks about when they first see it. Unfortunately, not many people can give them the right answer. So let’s try to do so here.

It is the Ghetto Heroes Square with its 33 memorial chairs of iron and bronze. These chairs symbolize the tragedy of the Polish Jews. These inhabitants of Krakow were imprisoned in the Krakow Ghetto during the Second World War and the German occupation of Poland. And then afterwards losing their lives to the Germans on the premises of the ghetto and in several German death camps.                                                                                        

The square was erected around 1838 as the second market square for Podgorze, which was a separate town. After 1880 it bore the name of Maly Rynek (Little Market). In 1917 it saw another name change to Plac Zgody (Concord Square). This was because of and in memory of the incorporation of Podgorze to the city of Krakow in 1915. So the present name of the square dates from 1948. It commemorate the Polish Jews who were to lose their lives in the Krakow Ghetto between 1941 and 1943.

As can be seen the Ghetto Heroes Square is in the center of the old Krakow Ghetto. The main gate to the ghetto once stood where the present entrance to the square is, coming up from the Wisla river. In March 1941 the Germans locked up all the Krakow Jews inside the recently-built ghetto. Over 20,000 people were living within the ghetto walls, where previously only 3,000 people had lived.


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13 ) Nicolaus Copernicus Museum (Muzeum Mikolaja Kopernika)
Activity Category - Museum

The Cathedral Hill in Frombork is one of the highest class monuments. Many times destructed and reconstructed, it retained the basic elements of the Middle Age architectural conception. The exceptional importance of this place is raised by the historical traditions and the person of Nicolaus Copernicus. Many of the gathered monuments of splendid past attract people from all over the world.

Wishing to serve to all interested, the hosts of the Frombork’s hill open to the visitors numerous buildings and exhibitionThe Cathedral Basilica under the invocation of Ascension of Our Lady Mary and St. Andrew Apostel – the eldest building on the hill, built in years 1329-1388. It has a few additions, including two chapels: of St. George (known as the Polish Chapel) – built around 1500, and of the Saviour ( Szembek’s Chapel) – baroque, built in 1735.

The Varmian Cathedral is a gothic, hall-like, three-aisle structure. It is around 97 m long, its width is from 12 m in the presbytery to 22 m in the main part, and the distance from the floor to the keystone of the vault is 16,5 m.

 


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14 ) GOjump Wroclaw
Activity Duration - 10am–10pm     Activity Category - Adventure

GOjump at ul Długosza 59 in Wrocław is Poland’s largest trampoline park (3,500 sqm).

Featuring a variety of trampolines (750 sqm), the main arena is surrounded by a slam dunk zone, a sponge pool, a 40-metre massive springboard, a dodge ball court and a 1.8-metre-tall pneumatic bouncing cushion.

GOjump also boasts an acrobatics and circus zone and Lower Silesia’s largest bicycle, snowboard, roller-skate and scooter jump.

Top quality equipment (a gym floor, mirrors, ladders, acrobatics tackle, an airtrack) provides secure training conditions for both professionals and non-professionals.


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Festival

1 ) International Street Art Festival

Festival Month - July

July’s International Street Art Festival is a magnificent way to experience local culture in Warsaw. It is one of the most unique celebrations in Europe, with the streets of the capital the backdrop of many displays and performances happening right before your eyes.


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2 ) Crossroads Festival

Festival Month - July

The Crossroads Festival is held in the city of Krakow every year in July. The event is famous for bringing a range of music from around the world, including the unique likes of Mongolia, Israel, Eastern Europe, and the Middle East.


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3 ) Warsaw International Film Festival

Festival Month - October

Thousands flock to the Warsaw Film Festival every year in October, a great way to extend the boundaries and reach movie lovers and genres across the globe. The films and showings are offered in a number of different venues, and plenty of parties are held on the weekends for visitors to the event.


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4 ) Independence Day

Festival Month - November

Arguably the biggest and most important celebrations on the Polish calendar, Independence Day in November is the memorial of Poland’s emancipation from Russian occupation. Since the early 1990's, this marvelous festival has seen the major cities and towns celebrate in their own way. Warsaw is the place to be though for fireworks, performances, food and rides throughout the capital.


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