|Airport City||Ameland Airport, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Terlet Airfield, Flamingo International Airport, Kempen Airport (Budel Airport)|
|Offical Languages||Dutch, West Germanic, English, Papiamento,|
|National Animal||The Asiatic Lion|
|Food||Stroopwafel, Kroket, Patat|
Autumn : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Sep
Winter : Dec - Mar
Sprint : Mar - Jun
Amsterdam is the Netherlands’ capital, known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system and narrow houses with gabled facades, legacies of the city’s 17th-century Golden Age. Its Museum District houses the Van Gogh Museum, works by Rembrandt and Vermeer at the Rijksmuseum, and modern art at the Stedelijk. Cycling is key to the city’s character, and there are numerous bike paths.
The city's biggest and most popular annual festival is celebrated at 3 October and is called simply 3 Oktober. The people of Leiden celebrate the end of the Spanish siege of 1574. It typically takes place over the course of two to three days (usually two but three if there's a Sunday involved) and includes parades, a hutspot feast, historical reenactments, a funfair and other events. The city has recently started to host the Leiden International Film Festival, the fastest growing festival of its type in the Netherlands.Leiden has important functions as a shopping and trade centre for communities around the city. The University of Leiden is famous for its many discoveries.
The chief of Leiden's numerous churches are the Hooglandse Kerk (or the church of St Pancras, built in the 15th century and containing a monument to Pieter Adriaansz. van der Werff) and the Pieterskerk (church of St Peter (1315)) with monuments to Scaliger, Boerhaave and other famous scholars. From a historical perspective the Marekerk is interesting too.
The Netherlands, a country in northwestern Europe, is known for a flat landscape of canals, tulip fields, windmills and cycling routes. Amsterdam, the capital, is home to the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum and the house where Jewish diarist Anne Frank hid during WWII. Canalside mansions and a trove of works from artists including Rembrandt and Vermeer remain from the city's 17th-century "Golden Age."
Maastricht, a university city on the southern tip of the Netherlands, is distinguished by its medieval-era architecture and vibrant cultural scene. In its cobbled old town, is the Gothic-style church Sint Janskerk, and the Romanesque Basilica of St. Servatius houses a significant collection of religious art. On the banks of the Maas River, bisecting the city, lies futuristic-looking Bonnefanten art museum.`
Utrecht is a city in the central Netherlands that has been a religious center for centuries. It has a medieval old town, canals, Christian monuments and a venerable university. The iconic Domtoren, a 14th-century bell tower with city views, stands opposite the Gothic Cathedral of St. Martin on central Domplein square. The Museum Catharijneconvent shows religious art and artifacts in a former monastery.
Haarlem is a city outside of Amsterdam in the northwest Netherlands. Once a major North Sea trading port surrounded by a defensive wall, it retains its medieval character of cobblestone streets and gabled houses. It's the center of a major flower-bulb-growing district, and famous for its outlying tulip fields, art museums and hofjes (almshouses built around leafy courtyards).
Roermond is a city, a municipality, and a diocese in the southeastern part of the Netherlands. Roermond is an historically important town, on the lower Roer at the east bank of the Meuse river. It received town rights in 1231. Roermond town centre has been designated as a conservation area.
Roermond is encircled by a green belt, which offers many opportunities for hiking and cycling. To the east nature reserves, such as the Meinweg National Park, the valley of the Leu (Leudal) and the Swalm and Roer rivers, provide woodlands, heath and meadows. The Meinweg also contains a small amount of wildlife including a small group of vipers, the only venomous snake to live in the Netherlands. To the west the Meuse River and its lake area, known as "Maasplassen", offer opportunities for water recreation.
Delft is a popular tourist destination in the country of The Netherlands. Delft is a city and municipality in the province of South Holland, Netherlands. It is located between Rotterdam, to the southeast, and The Hague, to the northwest. Together with them, it is part of both Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area and the Randstad.
East of Delft lies a relatively large nature and recreation area called the "Delftse Hout" ("Delft Wood"). Through the forest lie bike, horse-riding and footpaths. It also includes a vast lake (suitable for swimming and windsurfing), narrow beaches, a restaurant, and community gardens, plus camping ground and other recreational and sports facilities. (There is also a facility for renting bikes from the station.)
Inside the city, apart from a central park, there are several smaller town parks, including "Nieuwe Plantage", "Agnetapark", "Kalverbos". There is also the Botanical Garden of the TU and an arboretum in Delftse Hout.
Groningen is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands. It is the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. Looking at a map of the Netherlands, Groningen seems a long way from anywhere – but this vibrant, youthful city is among the country's most progressive urban metropolises, with a 40,000-strong student population injecting bags of creative zest into its buzzing cafe culture, hedonistic nightlife and rampant cultural scene.
Groningen is a city in the northern Netherlands. Its central Grote Markt square is home to the centuries-old Martinitoren clock tower. The adjoining Martinikerk is a large Gothic church with frescoes and a baroque organ. Set on a canal, the futuristic Groninger Museum showcases modern and contemporary art, plus ceramics. The Northern Maritime Museum traces the history of shipbuilding and shipping in the region.
Rotterdam, major European port and second largest city of the Netherlands. It lies about 19 miles (30 km) from the North Sea, to which it is linked by a canal called the New Waterway. The city lies along both banks of the New Meuse (Nieuwe Maas) River, which is a northern distributary of the Rhine River.
Rotterdam literally rose from its ashes after its devastation by bombing during World War II. A totally new inner city was laid out, with a spacious and functional architecture oriented toward the river and a series of experiments at complete city planning that have attracted both professional and touristic admiration. The Lijnbaan Shopping Centre became the prototype for similar centres in Europe and America that allowed only pedestrian traffic.
Rotterdam’s economy is still almost completely based on shipping. The port lies at the heart of the densely populated and industrialized triangle of London, Paris, and the German Ruhr district and at the mouths of two important rivers (the Rhine and the Meuse), yet it is also open to the North Sea, the world’s most heavily navigated sea. The amount of sea-transported goods that pass through Rotterdam’s harbour and that of its outport, Europoort, is the largest in the world in terms of capacity, with much of its cargoes consisting of crude oil or petroleum products. Rotterdam is also one of the largest grain and general-cargo harbours on the continent. It is a major transshipment port for inland Europe, with tens of thousands of Rhine River barges using its facilities.
Keukenhof Tulip Gardens are a very popular place to visit during spring in Holland. It’s the best day out among the flowers near Amsterdam! Every year more than 7 million flower bulbs are planted in autumn to bloom in spring. There is a variety of 800 different tulips. A unique and unforgettable experience for everyone.
Keukenhof in the Netherlands claims to be the world’s largest flower park. Each year, Keukenhof is open only two months in spring each year to show off the best of Dutch tulips, crocuses, narcissus (daffodils), and other bulb flowers. The park is an easy day-trip destination from Amsterdam, Schiphol Airport, and most cities in Holland. It is popular with visitors of all age groups – from families with small children to tour groups of pensioners that tend to recall that the park was better on a most memorable visit x years ago
In 2010, Amsterdam’s iconic Grachtengordel (Canal Ring) became a Unesco World Heritage Site. But little will change in this already fiercely protected area where lives are lived and tourists visit to admire the grandeur. Built during the city’s Golden Age, the four parallel canals are interconnected with streets filled with shops, cafés and restaurants.
These waterways are now known as de Grachtengordel (the canal belt) and are recognized as a UNESCO Heritage Site. This historic network contains the four main canals that encircle central Amsterdam, namely, Herengracht, Prinsengracht, Keizersgracht, and Singel.
In the mid-17th century, many people immigrated to Amsterdam due to its growing economic influence, consequently straining the city’s resources. To create more space and facilitate the transportation of goods, Amsterdam’s authorities decided to dig a system of canals around Dam.
The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam is one of the most popular museums in the world, attracting visitors from every corner of the globe. Naturally, this is in large part due to it housing the largest collection of works by Vincent van Gogh – more than 200 paintings, 500 drawings and 700 of his letters. Having originally opened on Museumplein in 1973, the Van Gogh Museum has been expanded and modernised over the years, ensuring it's a truly cutting-edge exhibition and visitor space.
For both locals and far-travelling visitors, the Van Gogh Museum is a unique and inspirational experience. Alongside the legacy of Vincent van Gogh's instantly recognisable impressionist works, such as his landscapes, self-portraits and still lifes – especially ‘Sunflowers’ – the museum provides opportunities to track the artist's development and compare his paintings to works by other artists from the 19th century – those who inspired him and those who drew inspiration from him.
Housed inside Heineken’s historic brewery in the centre of Amsterdam, this interactive museum will take you on an exciting, behind-the-scenes journey through the wild world of one of Europe’s most popular pilsners. It’s now among the city’s most visited attractions, drawing hundreds of thousands of visitors annually.
Amsterdam has aways been a city of beer lovers. It is home to a variety of breweries and places for beer tasting, but Heineken is still the biggest name and one of the most traditional Amsterdam beers. After Heineken constructed a larger and more modern brewery on the outskirts of Amsterdam, they converted their former home into a museum that opened in 1991. Now dubbed the Heineken Experience, it offers four floors of multimedia exhibits, historical brewing artefacts and a tasting bar. There’s also 'Brew Your Ride', a 4D adventure that allows visitors to discover what it’s like to be a bottle of Heineken.
The Rijksmuseum, which in English means – The State Museum, exists for more that two hundred years and today belongs to the most breathtaking museums in the world. During its existence, the museum went through many transformations and remains now, especially after its complete renovation, the attraction you should not miss during your trip to the Netherlands.
The unique position Rijksmuseumin Amsterdam gained in the world throughout the centuries, comes not only from the possession of many masterpiece paintings of Dutch and world art. Along the masterworks like Rembrandt’s “Night watch”, several paintings by Vermeer, van Dyck and Jan Steen, the museum has truly exceptional collection of the antique objects of the material Dutch culture, vast collection of prints, drawings and the classic photography.
Located just north of Amsterdam, the Zaanse Schans offers a perfectly preserved glimpse into the Netherlands' industrial past with its traditional houses, windmills, warehouses and workshops. Find out what there is to do and see at the Zaanse Schans.
In its 18th and 19th century heyday, the Zaan region was an important industrial area dotted by hundreds of windmills producing linseed oil, paint, snuff, mustard, paper and other products. Many of the Zaanse Schans' characteristic village houses are now museums, gift shops or workshops while others are still used as private residences. Some of the Zaanse Schans' remaining windmills are also open to the public.
Noordeinde Palace in The Hague is the King’s place of work. The palace is the property of the State and was placed at the disposal of the head of state by Act of Parliament. The palace complex also includes the Royal Stables, and the palace gardens contain the Royal Archives, which are the property of the House of Orange-Nassau Historic Collections Trust.
Noordeinde Palace has been at the centre of various momentous events in the lives of the royal family. Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard and Prince Constantijn and Princess Laurentien were married from the palace. After their deaths, Queen Juliana (2004), Prince Hendrik (1934), Prince Claus (2002) and Prince Bernhard (2004) all lay in state there.
Grote Kerk is also known as the St. Bavokerk, the cross-shaped, Gothic Grote Kerk dominates the Grote Markt in the centre of the city. Work on Haarlem’s largest church started around 1400, but the 75-metre tall spire wasn’t completed until 1520. A number of years later, in 1911, Anthony Fokker’s Spin 3 aircraft flew around the spire as part of that year’s Queen’s Day celebrations.
The church is best known as the home of the famed Müller organ, a giant gilded instrument designed by the renowned Amsterdam organ builder Christian Müller. When it was built in 1738 it was the largest organ in the world and famous throughout Europe. Legendary composers such as George Frideric Handel and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (at just age 10) traveled to Haarlem to play the elaborate instrument, which is adorned with 25 lifesize sculptures.
Mauritshuis, (Dutch: Maurice House), in full Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen (Mauritshuis), also called Royal Picture Gallery Mauritshuis, museum in The Hague especially noted for its Flemish and Dutch paintings from the 15th to the 17th century. The collection itself is called the Royal Picture Gallery, which has been housed since 1822 in a palace (1633–44) designed for John Maurice of Nassau, called the M auritshuis.
The Mauritshuis’s modest holdings comprise about 800 paintings but feature such distinguished works as Johannes Vermeer’s Girl with a Pearl Earring (c. 1665), Carel Fabritius’s The Goldfinch (1654), Jacob van Ruisdael’s View of Haarlem with Bleaching Grounds (c. 1670–75), and Rembrandt van Rijn’s The Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp (1632). The basis of the collection came from William V, prince of Orange and Nassau and stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He built a gallery in 1774 to display his artworks and subsequently opened it a few times a week to visitors. The Prince William V Gallery was thus the first public art collection in the country.
Maurits Cornelis Escher was a graphic artist, who lived between 1898 and 1972. He was the absolute master in creating impossible situations and optical illusions in woodcuts and litho-graphs. ‘Escher in the Palace’ (Escher in het Paleis) is a permanent exhibition in a former palace of the Royal Family in the historical heart of The Hague.
The former Queen Emma Palace in the center of historical The Hague gives a royal surrounding for the extraordinary world of Holland’s most famous graphic artist M. C. Escher (1898-1972). Nearly all his prints are exhibited, among them ‘Day and Night’ and ‘Belvedere’. On the second floor Escher’s work comes alive! Innovative new attractions like the ‘Room of Escher’ and exciting 3D animations give visitors a different view on reality...
Museon is a popular science museum in The Hague. The museum is founded on the idea that you learn faster if you can test the theory that you’ve learned in practice.
Museon is both educational and fun. The main exhibition takes you on a voyage of discovery that reveals many unexpected relationships between man and its surrounding nature and culture. Museon’s best quality is that it translates topical themes and developments in science and society into easily accessible information for a broad audience.
This historic city gave the famous cheese its name. Cheese from Gouda accounts for about 60 % of Dutch cheese production, with the cheese not being manufactured in the city itself, but in the surrounding region. If you visit Gouda in the spring and summer, you'll experience the cheese market in full swing. At the marketplace between the Waag (the weighing house) and the town hall, the cheese is handled almost exactly the same as it was several centuries ago. By the way: the town hall (stadhuis) is one of the oldest Gothic town halls in all of Holland, and is definitely worth a couple of photos. The Goudse Waag is located opposite the Stadhuis. In this historic building from the 17th century, the world-famous Gouda cheese used to be weighed; today it houses – along with the tourist information center - the Cheese and Crafts Museum. A visit to the museum gives an informative glance into Gouda's significance as a cheese city, especially combined with a visit to the cheese market.
The city itself is a wonderland of monumental architecture, from its 15th century Stadhuis (City Hall) to its cruciform Sint Janskerk (St. John's Church); summer visitors can also watch the centuries-old cheese market in action each Thursday. Just 55 minutes from Amsterdam by train, historic Gouda is a convenient, and worthwhile, day-trip destination for travelers who want to venture outside the capital.
Panorama Mesdag in The Hague is the largest circular canvas in Europe. Look 360º around you and experience the magical optical illusion created by this panorama of Scheveningen from 1881 in Museum Panorama Mesdag. The view is never the same; the incidence of light is more than magnificent and changes from moment to moment. The vista of the sea, dunes and old fishermen's village Scheveningen was painted by H.W. Mesdag. Panorama Mesdag is a unique cultural historical monument.
Mesdag's creation is the oldest 19th-century panorama still displayed in its (purpose-built) original location. He, his artist wife Sientje Mesdag–Van Houten (1834–1909) and three other painters worked on mobile scaffolding to create the scene on 18 large pieces of canvas that had been sewn together. Using panoramic photographs as a base reference, the extremely realistic depiction of Scheveningen was lit by natural light from concealed skylights and wowed the public when it opened as a tourist attraction in August 1881. A downstairs gallery gives background on the panorama's creation.
An exuberant center of history, culture, and hospitality, Maastricht (pop. 122,000) is a city of cafes and churches, and it's hard to tell which of these has the upper hand. Maastricht is generally reckoned to be Holland's most user-friendly city, blessed with a quality of life the northerners can't match. In between eating, drinking, church going, stepping out for Carnival, and hanging onto their rich heritage, the citizens of Maastricht have created a modern, prosperous, and vibrant city. Discovering how they do it all can be quite an education.
De Haar Castle is the largest castle of Holland and is located just outside Utrecht and a half an hour drive from Amsterdam. De Haar has everything you expect from a castle; towers, turrets, moats, gates and suspension bridges. The castle is also home to many art objects. Next to the castle you can find a romantic chapel and beautiful parks and gardens. Without a doubt De Haar Castle is one of the most luxurious castles of Europe.
The Teylers Museum is a beautiful art, natural history and science museum located in Haarlem. Founded in 1778 by Pieter Teyler in the spirit of the Enlightenment, the museum was created as a centre for contemporary art and science. Housing an inspiring collection of artefacts, books, scientific instruments, drawings, fossils and minerals, the centre was established so that people could discover the world independently and without coercion from the church and state.
In the 17th century, citizens wanted to capture their wealth and status on canvas. Portraits became popular and Frans Hals became known as the best portrait painter in the country. The Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem has many artworks of masters from the 16th and 17th century and is home to the world’s biggest Frans Hals collection.
Each spring, the Frans Hals Museum comes to life in full flowery bloom. Volunteers decorate the halls and corridors with fresh flower bouquets and other floral art. Tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and other spring flowers are exhibited in various vases from the museum's collection.
1 ) Bloemencorso Zundert Flower Festival
Festival Month - September
This is known to be the largest flower festival in the world. This is one of the best festivals in Netherlands and is held annually in the month of September in the wonderful town Zundert. All the wonderful exhibits here are crafted by volunteers. These volunteers are known to be Hamlets who are a group of people from a small builder community of the area. These people work hard for almost 3 months straight to get the exhibits ready which are then paraded through the streets of Zundert town. The flowers on the exhibit are decorated just a week before the parade as they have to be fresh. Different themes are set for every year and the decorations are made accordingly.
2 ) Terschelling Oerol Theatre Festival
Festival Month - June
In the small island Terschelling, every year many artists show their talent during this festival. Being one of the most cutting-edge festivals entirely dedicated to theatre, it has become a creative stage for anybody who would want to put on a theatrical show. Here, one can witness several performances of dance, street play, music, etc. The most unique part of this festival is that there are several performances happening side by side, so if in case one goes to a particular location in the island for witnessing a dance performance, along with the dance performance there might be two or more performances happening not too far away.
3 ) Amsterdam Gay Parade
Festival Month - August
This is one of the gay pride festivals which is the largest in the world and is celebrated publically in the grandest fashion. Amsterdam is a gay-friendly city and is known to be this way for the longest time ever. Annually, people in thousands swarm the streets of the city with colorful banners and confetti and parade through the main pathways in Amsterdam. This is one of the top festivals in Netherlands and the major highlight of this event is “Canal Parade”, where several colorful and well-decorated boats cruise via the canals in the city.