|Airport City||Soekarno Hatta Airport in Tangerang, Juanda Airport in Surabaya , Banyuwangi Airport, Blimbingsari, Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport, Denpasar, Sultan Aji Muhammad Sulaiman Airport, Sepinggan, Balikpapan|
|Offical Languages||Indonesian, Javanese, Sundanese, Madurese, Minangkabau|
|National Animal||Komodo dragon|
|Food||Nasi goreng , Nasi campur, Chicken satay|
Autumn : Mar - Jun
Summer : Dec - Mar
Winter : Jun - Sep
Sprint : Sep - Dec
The islands are a popular destination for tourists. Each island has several small resorts, usually consisting of a collection of huts for tourists, a small pool and restaurant. Most local inhabitants live on Trawangan in a township stretching along its east side just inland (which is also where most recent development is taking place). Automobiles and motorized traffic are prohibited on the islands by local ordinance, so the preferred method of transportation is by foot and bicycle or the horse-drawn carriage called a cidomo. Scuba diving and free diving in and around the Gilis is also popular due to the abundance of marine life and attractive coral formations. Most famous diving spots are Shark point, Manta point and Simon's reef.
The main attraction for visitors is located aroundLake Batur where Penelokan village provides spectacular views of this crater lake and Mount Batur, set in a vast volcanic caldera. Photo opportunities abound, but try to be there as early in the morning as you can manage before the cloud inevitably starts to gather.
One of the best things about a visit to Trunyan is the views of Mount Batur from the eastern shore of the lake. This provides a very different perspective from the usual view from the crater rim. You can though get those same views by taking the small road around the southern edge of the lake through the villages of Kedisan (where there are a few simple places to stay and eat), Buahan and on to the tiny settlement of Abang. The road ends at Abang, a four wheel drive vehicle is more appropriate for this skinny and at times very steep road(but you can explore the eastern shore of the lake further on foot, all the way to Trunyan (about 4 km) if you are feeling energetic (you will be stopped by locals along the way asking if you want to go to Trunyan, they may even follow you and tell you that you cannot go there on foot and you must take a boat with them. Take plenty of water for the walk and be prepared for steep hills.
Goa Gajah also known as Elephant Cave Temple is a historically significant archaeological site and one of the most popular tourist attraction in Bali.
The Elephant Cave Temple of Goa Gajah dates as far back as the 11th century. Built on a hillside where two streams met to form a river junction, the site was deemed sacred and the temple was built for prayer and enclosed meditation.The entrance to the elephant cave depicts a giant menacing face whose wide open mouth forms the doorway. While there are various animal and forest motifs depicted by carvings on the outer rock face, the giant face of the doorway is considered to be that of an elephant.
Goa Gajah is carved into a rock face and you enter through the cavernous mouth of a demon. Inside the T-shaped cave you can see fragmentary remains of the lingam, the phallic symbol of the Hindu god Shiva.And its female counterpart the yoni, plus a statue of Shiva's son, the elephant-headed god Ganesh. In front of the cave are two square bathing pools with waterspouts held by six female figures.
Ubud is the cultural heart of Bali, and it's here you'll find the Sacred Monkey Forest, a serene space where you can feel the ancient majesty of the island. At this Hindu temple, you'll see many long-tailed macaques, a species of monkey commonly seen throughout Southeast Asia. The temple also makes an interesting visit because Balinese Hinduism combines aspects of several different religions, making it unique among other types of Hinduism practiced today. The forest is near Padangtegal, a small village that has drawn artists of all varieties for many years, and the temple, artistry, and stunning natural backdrop make a trip to the forest and village a must-do in Bali.
It was in Ubud that the modern Balinese art movement started, when artists first began to abandon purely religious themes and court subjects for scenes of everyday life. This museum set in a lovely formal garden has four buildings displaying works from all schools and periods of Balinese art, with a focus on modern masters including I Gusti Nyoman Lempad (1862–1978), Ida Bagus Made (1915–1999) and I Gusti Made Kwandji (1936–2013). All works are labelled in English.
Ubud Royal Palace (Puri Saren Agung Ubud), one of the attraction in Ubud that you should visit. The Royal Palace in Ubud offered interesting and unique things to see during your holiday in Bali. Also, Ubud Royal Palace loved by many tourists who have a vacation in Ubud Bali. Therefore, many tour agencies offer tour package with visiting Puri Saren Palace Ubud listed on their tour itinerary.
During the time of Majapahit Kingdom collapsed which is in the 15th century, there was a massive migration from Javanese nobles from Java to Bali island. Then the Javanese noble creates the Gelgel Kingdom in Klungkung district, a small district located in the southeastern part of Bali island.
In the 17th century, Gelgel kingdom spread the power and regional expansion to other places in Bali and created small royal palace, one of them is Sukawati royal palace.
The Gelgel Kingdom sent their prince to the village area of Sukawati. To build a royal palace with incredible architectural beauty to be intended for power in the Gianyar region. During the Sukawati royal palace construction, many Balinese artists sent to the Sukawati area, to assist the castle construction. After the building of the castle in Sukawati completed, many of the artists chose to stay in Sukawati. Therefore, until now, Sukawati area became the center of beautiful art in Bali. Such as dance, painting, sculpture, Balinese art music.
When you feel like you've done all there is to do in town itself, consider taking a drive (or a bicycle ride) to the village of Petulu, just 2.5km north of Ubud. This otherwise ordinary village becomes something rather special at sunset, when thousands of herons come to roost in the trees lining the road.
Known locally in Balinese as kokokan, the white-plumed herons and Java pond herons feed all over the island and return to Petulu in the late afternoon to spend the night in the village's giant fig trees.
Even if you visit during the day time, you will see a couple of stragglers up in the trees or walking in the road, but definitely the best time to visit is just before sunset (around 5pm) when you will be treated to seeing thousands of birds coming "home" for the night.
There are many stories as to why the herons come back to Petulu every evening. One common belief is that the birds are the lost souls of thousands who died during the anti-communist massacre in 1965.
Kuta is where the modern era of tourism in Bali began. It is known for its long sandy beach and great waves for surfing (beginners and intermediate), as well as its wild nightlife and high concentration of bars, nightclubs, and hotels. It is popular with younger travelers and those on a budget s there is still plenty of cheap accommodation to choose from. Traffic is really mad sometimes and it can get really busy, but it is still a great place to meet people and have fun.
Batukaru Temple referred to by locals as Pura Luhur Batukaru. This is one of the nine directional temples on the island, called Khayangan Jagat, which protects the island and its inhabitants from evil spirits.
The temple sits on Mount Batukaru’s southern slope, at a height of around 1300 metres above sea level, which is surrounded by cool natural forests, providing a pleasant sightseeing stopover for nature lovers.
Batukaru Temple is a very sacred place to the Balinese, and one of the reasons for this, along with its age, is the 7-tiered meru that can be found within the temple.
This meru, a multi-roofed shrine common in Hindu temple construction, was built in honor of the God of Batukaru Mountain, known as Mehadewa.
The shrine is visible from most locations in the temple, and is made more beautiful by the many layers of moss that cover it, and the surrounding temple constructions.
1 ) Nyepi
Festival Month - March
Nyepi, literally means “Day of Silence, is the day of the Balinese New Year, commemorated every Isaawarsa (Saka new year) base on Balinese calendar, therefore changes every year but generally in March. On this day you will find everything is closed in Bali as it is a day of fasting and meditation. But on days preceding to it, you will see people of Bali scrubbing clean the status on Gods, pray,hold ceremonies and various other rituals.
2 ) Baliem Valley Festival
Festival Month - August
This Baliem Valley festival unique only to the Papua people, tracing its root in the belief, held by the various local tribes, that war is not a just a conflict but also a symbol of fertility and prosperity. Celebrated in August, the main event is the mock-war between the local tribes, with more than 20 different tribes, each with 30-50 people, clad in traditional clothing, and fighting gears. There are also side performances and attractions of local traditional games, dances, and local food showcase. It is a vibrant and unique celebration in the Baliem Valley of indigenous culture.
3 ) Pasola
During February or March, Pasola will be celebrated in various locations across East Nusa Tenggara. Every year there will be an announcement on where and when the celebration will be held. It is one of the most exciting Jousting Festival, well known around the world, where people on horseback without saddles will throw spears (know as hola) at each other to unseat the opponent. It is a traditional Sumba ritual sport to keep the spirits happy and to bring a good harvest.