Iceland

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Additional Information
Capital Reykjavík
Currency ISK
Timezone GMT
Total States 8 regions
Airport City Akureyri Airport, Bakki Airport, Bíldudalur Airport, Blönduós Airport, Breiðdalsvík Airport
Ruling Type Government
Offical Languages Icelandic , Polish, Lithuanian, English, German
National Animal Gyrfalcon
Food Kjötsupa, Plokkfisku, Harðfiskur
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Aug
Winter     : Dec - Feb
Sprint      : Mar - May


Destination



1 ) Reykjavik
Popular - Historic Building     Location - Reykjavik, -Southern Peninsula, -Iceland

Reykjavik, on the coast of Iceland, is the country's capital and largest city. It's home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history. The striking concrete Hallgrimskirkja church and rotating Perlan glass dome offer sweeping views of the sea and nearby hills. Exemplifying the island’s volcanic activity is the geothermal Blue Lagoon spa, near the village of Grindavik.
Reykjavik is well known for the late-night clubs and bars in its compact center. The regenerated area around the Old Harbour has a concert hall, souvenir shops and views of Mt. Esja. Shopping options include Downtown Laugavegur’s boutiques and the Kolaportid weekend flea market. A popular day trip, the “Golden Circle” tour takes in Gullfoss Waterfall, spouting geysers and Thingvellir National Park. In the darker months, between autumn and spring, rural areas are popular places to spot the Northern Lights atmospheric phenomenon.


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2 ) Reykjavik
Popular - Northern Lights     Location - Reykjavik, -Southern Peninsula, -Iceland

Reykjavik, on the coast of Iceland, is the country's capital and largest city. It's home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history. The striking concrete Hallgrimskirkja church and rotating Perlan glass dome offer sweeping views of the sea and nearby hills. Exemplifying the island’s volcanic activity is the geothermal Blue Lagoon spa, near the village of Grindavik.


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3 ) Akureyri
Popular - Northern Lights     Location - Akureyri, -Northeast, -Iceland

Akureyri is a city at the base of Eyjafjörður Fjord in northern Iceland. In the center, the 1940 Akureyri Church has stained-glass windows portraying scenes from Icelandic Christian history. There are views of the fjord from the forecourt. Nearby, the Akureyri Art Museum displays contemporary art from Iceland and farther afield. To the south are the Botanical Gardens, with specimens from across Iceland.

The Northern Lights – also called Aurora Borealis – are one of the most spectacular shows on earth and can frequently be seen in Akureyri and surroundings from September through April on clear nights. ... They can be seen in aurora belts that forms 20-25 degrees around the geomagnetic poles, both the north and the south.


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4 ) Borgarnes
Popular - Agriculture     Location - Borgarnes, -Northwest, -Iceland

Borgarnes is a town located on a peninsula at the shore of Borgarfjörður in Iceland and is the largest town in the Borgarbyggð municipality with a population of about 3750 residents. It is a main junction in Iceland and the gateway to the Snaefellsnes National Park. Iceland's capital Reykjavik is 69 kilometers from the center of Borgarnes. The second largest bridge in Iceland, the Borgarfjarðarbrú, connects traffic to and from Reykjavik.


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5 ) Hella
Popular - Wild life & Adventure     Location - Hella, -South, -Iceland

Hella is a small town in southern Iceland on the shores of the river Ytri-Rangá and has, as of 2011, 781 inhabitants.Hella is situated 94 kilometres (58 mi) to the east of Reykjavík on the Hringvegur between Selfoss and Hvolsvöllur.
The name of the town comes from caves near the river. It is said that Irish monks lived there in the times of first settlement. There are small industries as well as shops. As in other regions of the country, tourism is a growing sector. The volcano Hekla is nearby so it is possible to go hiking there as well as to make excursions to other locations popular with tourists such as Landmannalaugar or Þórsmörk.The founding of Hella started in 1927. The founder of Hella built a memorial at the celebration of Hella's 50 years since the founding of it at 1977.


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6 ) Egilsstadir
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Egilsstadir, -Northeast, -Iceland

Egilsstaðir is a town in east Iceland on the banks of the Lagarfljót river. It is part of the municipality of Fljótsdalshérað, the county seat of Norður-Múlasýsla and the largest settlement of the Eastern Region with, as of 2016, a population of 2,306 inhabitants.Established in 1947 by governmental decree, Egilsstaðir, one of Iceland´s youngest townships- has become the service and trade centre for most of East Iceland. Thus, Egilsstaðir has a large number of retail and service businesses, and many major Icelandic companies have branches there; engineering firms and financial institutions.

Famous for its natural beauty, many scenic attractions and pleasant climate, Egilsstadir and vicinity is favourable for outdoor recreation.The area is known as the green heartland of the East. With interesting places from the glacier in the south to the sea in the north.


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7 ) Isafjoerdur
Popular - Hills     Location - Isafjoerdur, -Northwest, -Iceland

Ísafjörður is a town in the Westfjords region of northwest Iceland. It's known for its dramatic landscapes. The old town has wooden houses with corrugated tin roofs built by fishing merchants in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Westfjords Heritage Museum has exhibits on the town’s maritime history, including a collection of old fishing boats. The old hospital, now a cultural center, contains archives and photography.
Northwest along the coast is the Ósvör Maritime Museum. A former 19th-century fishing station, the museum includes an old row boat, crew hut, salt house and drying shed. Southeast of Ísafjörður, the Arctic Fox Centre in Súðavík is a research and exhibition center about Iceland’s only native land mammal. Offshore, the island of Vigur is a bird sanctuary known for its puffins and arctic terns. Farther north, the Hornstrandir Nature Reserve has dramatic scenery such as the jagged Hornbjarg cliff, which is an important breeding site for seabirds. South of Ísafjörður, Dynjandi is a series of striking waterfalls plunging into a fjord.


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8 ) Seydisfjardarkaupstadur
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Seydisfjardarkaupstadur, -East, -Iceland

Seyðisfjörður is a town and municipality in the Eastern Region of Iceland at the innermost point of the fjord of the same name. A road over Fjarðarheiði mountain pass connects Seyðisfjörður to the rest of Iceland; 27 kilometres to the ring road and Egilsstaðir. Seyðisfjörður is surrounded by mountains with the most prominent Mt. Bjólfur to the west and Strandartindur to the east. The fjord itself is accessible on each side from the town, by following the main road that leads through the town. Further out the fjord is fairly remote but rich with natural interests including puffin colonies and ruins of former activity such as nearby Vestdalseyri, from where the local church was transported.


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9 ) Vestmannaeyjabaer
Popular - Wild life & Adventure     Location - Vestmannaeyjabaer, -South, -Iceland

Vestmannaeyjar (Western Islands) is an archipelago off Iceland’s south coast, formed by underwater volcanic eruptions. The youngest island, Surtsey, was formed in 1963. Heimaey is the largest and only inhabited island. It has 2 volcanoes, Helgafell and Eldfell. Interactive displays at Eldheimar Museum, in Heimaey Town, chronicle Eldfell’s devastating 1973 eruption, when some 400 buildings were destroyed.
Nearby, the Sæheimar Aquarium and Natural History Museum has tanks of fish and marine creatures, plus stuffed birds and a collection of minerals. Sagnheimar Folk Museum explores the island’s history through exhibits on pirates, fishing and volcanoes. By the harbor, Stafkirkjan is a replica wooden stave church donated by the Norwegian government. Next door is Landlyst, the island’s earliest maternity clinic, which is now a small medical museum. In the island’s south, Stórhöfði viewpoint shelter is known for its near-constant strong winds. It overlooks steep cliffs inhabited by many seabirds, including puffins.


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Activity



1 ) Great Geysir (Great Geyser)
Activity Category - Attraction

The Great Geysir is an erupting hot spring located in Iceland’s hugely popular Golden Circle tour area which lends its name to describe this kind of spouting hot spring, giving us the English word ‘geyser’. This geothermal area in the Haukadalur Valley, situated to the east of Mount Laugafell, is particularly rich in hot springs and geyser activity. For many people, when they think of Iceland, they find the first thing that springs to mind is an image of a geyser spouting vast amounts of superheated water. These images are synonymous with Iceland as the country is renowned around the world for its impressive erupting geysers. After all, there are only a few of these in existence around the globe!


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2 ) Leidarendi Lava Caves
Activity Category - Adventure

 Raufarhólshellir located only 30 minutes from Reykjavík. We will witness the inner workings of a volcanic eruption while we walk in the path of a lava that flowed thousands of years ago. The lava tunnel is one of the biggest in Iceland and gets up to 30 metres wide and 10 metres high. The lava tube ceiling has caved in near the entrance, which creates beautiful columns of light. The fantastic range of colours of the tunnel wall is caused by the different mineral types of the rock. This is a tour for the senses. Experience a new world, hear the talk of the cave and sense the forces of nature like you have never done before. Learn new things and step out of your comfort zone. Scenes from the Hollywood movie Noah, with Anthony Hopkins, were shot in this lava cave.
You walk around 350 metres into the lava tunnel and the temperature in the cave is around 4 degrees although it can be warmer outside and usually water leaks from the ceiling when it rains and snows so we recommend raincoats


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3 ) Gullfoss Waterfall (Golden Falls)
Activity Category - Water Falls

Gullfoss waterfall is listed as one of the top 10 waterfalls in the world by World of Waterfalls. The mighty Hvítá (White River) is a glacial river flowing southward straight from Langjökull (Long Glacier) giving Gullfoss an awesome flow rate. In the summer when the supply of meltwater from Langjökull is particularly abundant this rises to an average of 140 cubic meters per second. The highest flood flow rate ever measured here was an extraordinary 2,000 cubic meters per second.

The waterfalls drop a total of 32 meters in two stages as it flows through the rugged, at times 70 meters high, canyon. About a kilometer from Gullfoss the river turns very sharply to the right where it flows down through a dramatic, wide canyon before the vast volume of water is very powerfully forced into a narrower channel. Gullfoss plunges in two dramatic stages, the first cascade drops 11 meters and the second drops 21 meters.


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4 ) Golden Circle (Gullni Hringurinn)
Activity Category - Adventure

Stretching more than 300 kilometres or 190 miles, the Golden Circle in Southern Iceland is the most popular tourist routes. The name Golden Circle, or “gullni hringurinn” in Icelandic, refers to the circular route that loops all the way from Iceland’s capital city, Reykjavik, to the country’s southern uplands and back.

The gold part of the name originates from one of the most notable stops along the route, the Gullfoss waterfall, which means Golden waterfall. In addition to Gullfoss, there are two main attractions along the route; the Thingvellir National Park and the geothermal area in Haukadalur, which is comprised of the two geysers Geysir and Strokkur. Other notable stops along the route include the Kerid volcanic crater, the town of Hveragerdi, and the Skalholt cathedral.


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5 ) Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon Tours
Activity Category - Adventure

Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon is fed by Breiðamerkurjökull, which is an outlet glacier from Vatnajökull, the largest glacier in all Europe. The glacial lake is getting bigger every year and it is now about 18 km².

If you already went to Jokulsarlon one day, you can find it totally different when you go back because the landscape is always changing. In fact, the glacier tongue is receding very fast, letting many ice chunks fall from it. Some icebergs are incredibly bright blue, others have gray streaks from the ash residue of anterior volcanic eruptions. Depending on what kind of icebergs there are floating in the lagoon, Jokulsarlon can look like a completely different place from one month to another. That is why no one would never get bored of the glacier lagoon.


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6 ) Akurey Island (Puffin Island) Tours
Activity Category - Island

The island's shores are rocky but our captains know the best spots to get close to the puffins without disturbing any natural behaviour. If the weather is right we might even turn off the engines so that you can enjoy the nature better and listen to the bird's calls. During the tour the crew will tell you interesting facts and tales about the puffins and the surroundings. 


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7 ) Húsavík Tours
Activity Category - Attraction

Húsavík is one of Iceland's many charming towns found at the coast line by Skjalfandi Bay. The town is recognized as a great place to go whale watching and is quite the cultural hub with numerous museums and great restaurants. The perfect stop to make whilst exploring the North of Iceland, especially due to its close vicinity to other amazing attractions.

According to the Book of Settlement, Landnáma which traces the history of the Viking settlement in Iceland, Húsavík was the first place in the country to be settled by the Norse. The Viking, Garðar Svavarsson is believed to have stayed in Húsavík over one winter’s time around the year 870. He named the location Garðshólmi, which would translate to The Cape of Garðar in English.  In spring when the ice started to melt and the weather started to calm Garðar set his sails out from the bay leaving behind a man by the name of Náttfari and two slaves, a man and a woman. These three people established a farm in the area which is thought to mark the beginning of residentiary in Húsavík.

 


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8 ) Godafoss
Activity Category - Water Falls

Goðafoss waterfall is often nicknamed the waterfall of the gods. Some believe that the name comes from the fact that the waterfall is godlike in beauty but an old Icelandic legend tells the tale of the waterfall’s name through a Viking leader named Þorgeir Ljósvetningagoði. Þorgeir who was a lay speaker at the old Alþingi parliament is said to have, as a part of his conversion to Christianity,  thrown his Pagan statues into the waterfall resulting in the name giving. No one really knows the accurate story of the waterfall’s name but leaving it as a mystery might also play a part in keeping it mythic.

Goðafoss is one of Iceland’s true pearls and one of the biggest waterfalls in Iceland. Its fed by the river Skjálfandafljót which runs in a 7000-year-old lava field from the Trölladyngja volcano. Tröll translates to troll in English so it’s safe to say that the area is nothing if not mystical and has understandably been a real inspiration to many of Iceland’s best folklore tales.


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9 ) Dalvik
Activity Category - Attraction

Dalvík is an incredibly charming fishing village in the North of Iceland only about an hour’s drive from Akureyri, which is often referred to as the capital of the area. The village sits at the eastern coast along the fjord Eyjafjörður, framed in with mountain ranges at each side. The peninsula it sits on is named Tröllaskagi but that would translate to “Troll’s peninsula“.

The scenery around Dalvík is phenomenal, even for Iceland! The white church is one of the most picturesque and beautifully situated churches in Iceland. There are fabulous views to Hrísey, a little island in the middle of Eyjafjordur, the longest fjord in Iceland – Eyjafjörður means Island Fjord. Dalvik hiking trails will take you high up into the mountains and through deeply carved valleys. A hike to the ski lodge is steep but the views are unparalleled. Just follow the signs to Skiðasvæði, it means skiing area!


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10 ) Akureyri Church (Akureyrarkirkja)
Activity Duration - 10am–7pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

Dominating the town from high on a hill, Akureyri’s landmark church was designed by Guðjón Samúelsson, the architect responsible for Reykjavík’s Hallgrímskirkja. Although the basalt theme connects them, Akureyrarkirkja looks more like a stylised 1920s US skyscraper than its big-city sibling.

Built in 1940, the church contains a large 3200-pipe organ and a series of rather untraditional reliefs of the life of Christ. There’s also a suspended ship hanging from the ceiling, reflecting an old Nordic tradition of votive offerings for the protection of loved ones at sea. Perhaps the most striking feature is the beautiful central stained-glass window above the altar, which originally graced Coventry Cathedral in England.

The church admits visitors most days; check the board outside for opening times, as they change frequently.


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11 ) Lofthellir
Activity Category - Adventure

Lofthellir cave is located in the Búrfell lava field. On our way to the cave, we passed the distinctive Mt. Hverfjall, a sandy explosion crater. Walking on its rim makes for a very popular hike. I could spot tiny people way up on the rim of the volcano. We then passed between Lúdentarborgir crater row and drove to the roots of Mt. Hvannfell.


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12 ) Gjastykki
Activity Category - Adventure

This remote rift zone at the northernmost end of the Krafla fissure swarm was the source of the first eruptions in 1724, and was activated when Leirhnjúkur went off again in the 1975 eruptions. Between 1981 and 1984 the area was the main hot spot of activity in the Krafla central volcano, and the current Gjástykki lava fields date from this time. Gjástykki is a very sensitive area and to visit you’ll need to join a tour


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Festival

1 ) Reykjavik Winter Lights Festival

Festival Month - February

The Winter Lights Festival celebrates both winters and the emerging daylight after the dark days of winter are over. A lot of people are attracted to this beautiful event where all the buildings and facades of the city are illuminated to celebrate coming of daylight back to the country. This is a really important festival for the Icelandic people continuing for days where events like Museum Night and Pool Night happen. The Museums of the country open their doors to the public for free so that they can enjoy various cultural activities there. On the Pool night, people are given a free pass to enjoy the Geothermal hot pools all for free.


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2 ) Iceland Airwaves Music Festival

Festival Month - October

Just before the turn of the century in 1999, a music festival happened in an aeroplane hangar in Reykjavik which changed the ‘international music calendar’ forever. Considered to be one of the best music festivals in Iceland and the world, the Airwaves Music Festival attracts thousands of attendees from round the world to witness both international, as well as local Icelandic performances, creating the ‘hippiest long weekend on the annual music festival calendar’ as labelled by the well famed Rolling Stones Magazine. Reviewed as simply legendary by most visitors, this is a must attend festival if you are in Iceland during the months of October and November.


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3 ) Icelandic National Day

Festival Month - June

Iceland got its independence from Danish rule on 17 June 1944, which is celebrated each year as the National Day of Iceland. This is the most important festival of the year in Iceland and the celebrations take place throughout the nation. The biggest celebrations takes place in the center of the capital city between 10 am and 6 pm, with carnival parades and marching bands. The highlight of the day is the recitation of poetry by a lady (chosen by popular vote) dressed in traditional Iceland clothing, representing the revered ‘mountain lady’.


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