Hungary

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Additional Information
Capital budapest
Currency
Timezone Europe/Budapest
Total States 19
Airport City Budapest Airport, Hévíz–Balaton Airport, Pecs-Pogany Airport, Gyor-Per Airport, Szeged Airport
Ruling Type Government
Offical Languages Hungarian , Russian, Romanian,
National Animal Turul
Food Gulyás (goulash), Lángos, Paprikás Csirke (Chicken Paprikash)
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Aug
Winter     : Dec - Feb
Sprint      : Mar - May


Destination



1 ) Budapest
Popular - Capital City     Location - Budapest, -Budapest, -Hungary

Budapest, Hungary’s capital and largest city, is considered one of Europe’s most beautiful cities. One of the best places to visit in Hungary, Budapest is home to the world’s largest thermal water cave system as well as the world’s second largest synagogue and third largest Parliament building, the city’s top attraction. You’ll find spectacular views of the Danube and the city from Fishermen’s Bastion, originally part of the city wall. A poignant memorial to Jews killed in World War II can be found at Shoes of the Danube, where Jews removed their shoes before being shot and washed away by the river.

The history of Budapest began when an early Celtic settlement transformed into the Roman town of Aquincum, the capital of Lower Pannonia. The Hungarians arrived in the territory in the late 9th century. The area was pillaged by the Mongols in 1241–42 in the much-lamented event locally known as "Tatar Havoc". However, Buda became one of the centres of Renaissance humanist culture by the 15th century. The Battle of Mohács, in 1526, was followed by nearly 150 years of Ottoman rule. After the reconquest of Buda in 1686, the region entered a new age of prosperity. Pest-Buda became a global city with the unification of Buda, Óbuda, and Pest on 17 November 1873, with the name 'Budapest' given to the new capital. Budapest also became the co-capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great power that dissolved in 1918, following World War I. The city was the focal point of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, the Battle of Budapest in 1945, and the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.

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2 ) Eger
Popular - Mountains     Location - Eger, -Heves, -Hungary

Eger, northern Hungary’s second largest city, is known for several things. Founded by Hungary’s first Christian king, Saint Stephen, in the 10th century, the city is famous for its magnificent baroque buildings. The king founded an Episcopal cathedral, with Eger remaining an important religious center today. The cathedral was built on Castle Hill, with the city growing around it. The castle and basilica remain the city’s top sights, followed by the Valley of the Women, a series of wine cellars and restaurants built into surrounding hills. Check out the Torok Kori Minaret, the northernmost Turkish minaret in Europe; the 150-step climb to the top is steep, but the views are worth it.

Eger is a city in northern Hungary. At its heart is elegant, tree-lined Kossuth Lajos Street. Buildings along this stretch include County Hall, with its fine wrought-iron gate, and Eszterházy Károly College, crowned by the Astronomical Tower. Across the Eger River, medieval Eger Castle overlooks the city. On its grounds, the István Dobó Castle Museum has a picture gallery and exhibits on the castle’s history.

The origin of its name is still unknown. One suggestion is that the place was named after the alder (égerfa in Hungarian) which grew so abundantly along the banks of the Eger Stream. This explanation seems to be correct because the name of the town reflects its ancient natural environment, and also one of its most typical plants, the alder, large areas of which could be found everywhere on the marshy banks of the Stream although they have since disappeared.


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3 ) Pecs
Popular - Historical     Location - Pecs, -Baranya, -Hungary

Pécs is an ancient city in southern Hungary, close to the Croatian border. Founded by the Romans, it's known for its architectural landmarks such as the Early Christian Mausoleum, which features frescoed tombs. Vast Pécs Cathedral towers over central Szent István Square. The domed Mosque of Pasha Gazi Kasim was built in the 16th century during the Ottoman occupation of the city and is now a Catholic church.

Pécs is an ancient city in southern Hungary, close to the Croatian border. Founded by the Romans, it's known for its architectural landmarks such as the Early Christian Mausoleum, which features frescoed tombs. Vast Pécs Cathedral towers over central Szent István Square. The domed Mosque of Pasha Gazi Kasim was built in the 16th century during the Ottoman occupation of the city and is now a Catholic church.

The city Sopianae was founded by Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century, in an area peopled by Celts and Pannoni tribes. By the 4th century, it became the capital of Valeria province and a significant early Christian center. The early Christian necropolis from that era became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in December 2000.

Its episcopate was founded in 1009 by Stephen I, and the first university in Hungary was founded in Pécs in 1367 by Louis I the Great. (The largest university still resides in Pécs with about 34,000 students). Pécs was formed into one of the cultural and arts center of the country by bishop Janus Pannonius, great humanist poet. Pécs has a rich heritage from the age of a 150-year-long Ottoman occupation, like the mosque of Pasha Qasim the Victorious on Széchenyi square.


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4 ) Gyor
Popular - Culture     Location - Gyor, -Gyor-Moson-Sopron, -Hungary

With its roots in Celtic and Roman eras, Gyor also has been ruled by the Mongols, Magyars, Czechs, and Ottomans, though city fathers burned the town to keep the Turks from taking it. Gyor, located between Budapest and Vienna, is a good town to just wander around in. At almost every turn you’ll come across statues and marvelous old buildings. The old town at Kaptalan Hill can be found at the confluence of the Danube, Raba and Rebca rivers. A must-see is the church of St. Ignatius of Loyola, an ornate Benedictine cathedral, which visitors have described as “food for the soul.”

The area along the Danube River has been inhabited by varying cultures since ancient times. The first large settlement dates back to the 5th century BCE; the inhabitants were Celts. They called the town Ara Bona "Good altar", later contracted to Arrabona, a name which was used until the eighth century. Its shortened form is still used as the German (Raab) and Slovak (Ráb) names of the city.

Roman merchants moved to Arrabona during the 1st century BCE. Around 10 CE, the Roman army occupied the northern part of Western Hungary, which they called Pannonia. Although the Roman Empire abandoned the area in the 4th century due to constant attacks by the tribes living to the east, the town remained inhabited.


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5 ) Debrecen
Popular - Culture     Location - Debrecen, -Hajdu-Bihar, -Hungary

Debrecen, which served as Hungary’s capital various times over the century, is an important cultural center. Heavily destroyed during World War II, Debrecen is considered the intellectual center of the country, starting with the founding of Calvinist College in 1538. Now known as the University of Debrecen, the college is famous for its architecture. The city has a thriving music scene and is home to the Bela Bartok International Choir competition. Top attractions include the Reformed Great Church, the largest Protestant church in Hungary; the Deri Museum with its collection of ancient Egyptian artifacts, and the annual Flower Carnival.

Debrecen ; is Hungary's second largest city after Budapest. It is the regional center of the Northern Great Plain region and the seat of Hajdú-Bihar county. It was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century and it is one of the Hungarian people's most important cultural centres. Debrecen was also the capital city of Hungary during the revolution in 1848–1849. During the revolution, the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared in the Reformed Great Church. The city also served as the capital of Hungary by the end of the World War II in 1944–1945. It is home of the University of Debrecen.


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6 ) Siofok
Popular - Beach     Location - Siofok, -Somogy, -Hungary

Siófok (Latin: Fuk, German: Fock) is a town in Somogy County, Hungary on the southern bank of Lake Balaton. It is the second largest municipality in Somogy County and the seat of Siófok District. It covers an area of about 124.66 km2 (48.13 square miles) between Lake Balaton, the Mezőföld and the Outer Somogy-Hills. Lying at the firth of the Sió Channel, it serves as the most important logistic station for goods between Lake Balaton and the River Danube.

The town is Hungary's second most popular holiday destination (right after Budapest) thanks to its 17-kilometre-long (11 miles) coast, over 1,000 hotels, and plenty of bars, restaurants and night clubs. Siófok is one of the richest municipalities of Hungary due to tourism. Hungarians often call the town "the capital of Lake Balaton", as it is the largest town on its shores and acts as the financial, cultural, media, commercial and touristic hub of the northern part of Somogy County and the southern shore of Lake Balaton.


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7 ) Szeged
Popular - Night Life     Location - Szeged, -Csongrad, -Hungary

Lying in the Southeast of the country along the banks of the Tisza River, Szeged is known as ‘The City of Sunshine’ due to its wonderful weather. It is full of leafy parks and lively street-side cafes.

Szeged acts as an economic and cultural center to the surrounding region, and as it is a university town, there is lots of great nightlife to enjoy, as well as plenty of great cafes, bars, and restaurants.

The third largest city in the country has a lively cultural scene; in the summer, it hosts a lot of festivals, with the Open Air Theatre festival being the highlight of the year. With lots of lovely architecture in the Old Town – in the shape of elegant mansions and a number of thermal baths – Szeged is definitely worth a visit.


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8 ) Keszthely
Popular - Lake     Location - Keszthely, -Zala, -Hungary

Keszthely (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈkɛsthɛj]; Slovene: Blatenski Kostel; German: Kesthell) is a Hungarian city of 20,895 inhabitants located on the western shore of Lake Balaton. It is the largest city by the lake and one of the more important cultural, educational and economic hubs in the region. Due to its favorable location and accessibility by both road and rail, Keszthely and the surrounding area is a preferred holiday destination.

Though settled since at least Roman times (the Keszthely culture of Romance pannonian language), the first historical evidence of the town Keszthely dates from a 1247 document. Since 1421, Keszthely has been a market town.

The Faculty for Agriculture of University of Pannonia is located in Keszthely. George Fejer, Hungarian author and librarian at the University of Pest, was born in Keszthely in 1766

Lying on the western shore of Lake Balaton, Keszthely is a charming place to visit with a wealth of historical buildings and elegant townhouses on display.

The highlight is the stunning neo-baroque Festetics Palace that is beautiful to behold. In the summer, you can enjoy a concert in its gorgeous grounds.

With a laidback way of life, Keszthely is the perfect place to head if you’re after a relaxing holiday. You can lounge on one of its beaches, go hiking in one of its enormous parks or go for a swim in the lake.


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Activity



1 ) Széchenyi Thermal Baths (Széchenyi Gyógyfürdo)
Activity Duration - Outdoor pools open daily 6am - 10pm, indoor pools open daily 6am - 7pm     Activity Category - Attraction

Szechenyi Baths (built in 1913) is the most visited and much praised attraction in Budapest: relaxing, fun, affordable and, at night, romantic. In addition to the marvelous medicinal natural hot spring waters in the 18 pools, there are 10 saunas / steam cabins, several massage therapies, facial treatments, and more.

Szechenyi Spa Baths is in the biggest green park of Budapest, in the City Park, close to a bunch of Budapest attractions. The  Neo-baroque palace was specifically built for hosting Szechenyi Baths as Hungary has been the country of baths (and Budapest the City of Baths) for many centuries: starting with the Roman settlers who built the first spa baths, through the 16th century Turkish occupiers who built many of the famous and revived Turkish baths in Budapest to the 19-20th century natural medical trends that promote aqua therapies and their deeply beneficial effects. The beautiful building of the spa baths is the design of Gyozo Czigler (Győző Czigler) who started to build Szechenyi Furdo in May 1909.


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2 ) Castle Hill (Várhegy)
Activity Category - Attraction

Castle Hill` is definitely the grandest place in the city. It is a limestone plateau, one kilometre long and two-hundred metres high, rising up next to the banks of the Danube.

Despite the district’s astounding beauty, the truth is that little remains of its medieval past, due to the destructive elements of wars and invasions. For example, during the Second World War, the district was almost completely flattened. This means that many of the area’s present day buildings were rebuilt in its aftermath.

On this hillside, visitors will also find the best medieval monuments and some of the most important museums in Budapest. The walled area consists of two parts: to the north, the old quarter, where common people lived during the Middle Ages and which is today one of the most expensive residential zones in the city. On the other side, visitors will find the ´Royal Palace` zone, once the site of a 13th century castle. Today, the palace houses various important museums, like the Budapest History Museum and the National Gallery.


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3 ) Szentendre
Activity Category - Attraction

Szentendre is a cute little town that sits on the banks of the Danube Bend, and it’s also one of the easiest day trips you can plan from Budapest. Having already spent a few days sightseeing around the capital, we decided we wanted to plan a day escape somewhere quiet but not too far away, and Szentendre fit the bill.

Being the foodies that we are, we skipped out on the attractions and instead came prepared with a list of restaurants, food stands, wine cellars, and a marzipan museum we wanted to visit. This turned out to be a fun way to explore the town while getting better acquainted with Hungarian cuisine.


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4 ) Váci Street (Váci Utca)
Activity Category - Shopping Street

Váci Street, located in the city center and designated as a pedestrian precinct, runs from Vörösmarty Square to Vámház körút. The northern part is the busy and fashionable shopping street everyone refers to as Váci Street, while the southern part is lined with restaurants and over-prized souvenir shops. While Váci Street is great for a stroll, unfortunately most of the restaurants are expensive and geare

The northern part is overcrowded with tourists and shop windows in every building, while the southern part, which is also pedestrianised, has a quieter and more historical atmosphere. Throughout history, the shops have changed hands constantly, as landlords always kept increasing the rent. Today, the city council does the same: claiming that "low quality" shops do not fit into the image of Váci utca anymore, they keep increasing the rent, so that new tenants keep moving in and some others out.d towards tourists and there is little in the way of quality souvenirs for sale. One of the most important contemporary art galleries, the Csók István Gallery is under Váci utca 25, on the corner next to the Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences, just across from the wine shop, where you can have your own text printed on fine Tokaji wine.


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5 ) Budapest Danube River
Activity Category - River

The Danube River runs right through the center of Budapest, dividing the city into two parts--Buda and Pest. Since the city links western and eastern Europe, Budapest has long had an intriguing history. River ships sailing the Danube always stopover in Budapest for the day, docking in a perfect place, with a marvelous view of Fishermen's Bastion and the Palace in Buda on one side and the downtown area of Pest on the other. The ships often wait until after dark to sail away since the city lights on the river are truly memorable.

Budapest has many fascinating sites on both sides of the river. Many of these sites are diverse, with fascinating histories. They range from churches such as St. Stephen's and Matthias to monuments, parks, and beautiful bridges across the Danube. Since the ships dock conveniently near many of the tourist areas, passengers can explore the city on their own. In addition, river cruises usually include an overview tour of the city as part of the fare.


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6 ) Matthias Church (Mátyás Templom)
Activity Duration - Mon - Fri 9am - 5pm, Sat 9am - 1pm, Sun 1pm - 5pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

The Matthias Church is one of Budapest's most important churches. Many of Hungary's kings were coronated here and the church is home to important tombs and ecclesiastical treasures.Officially known as The Church of Our Lady (Nagyboldogasszony templom), Budapest's St. Matthias Church, like many of the city's ecclesiastical structures, has a long and complicated history. 

Matthias Church was built in 1255 along Trinity Square, in the heart of the Castle District, and was Buda's first parish church. However, the original church structure changed many times as it was constantly being renovated and refashioned in the popular architectural style of each era. The church takes its more common name from King Matthias, who ruled from 1458-90, well-known as a patron of the arts and enlightenment and revered for reconstructing the Hungarian state after years upon years of feudal anarchy.


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7 ) Gellért Hill (Gellert-Hegy)
Activity Category - Mountains

The hill was named after bishop Gellért (Gerard), who was thrown to death from the hill by pagans in the fight against Christianity in 1046. His statue, which faces Elizabeth Bridge (Erzsébet hid) and holds a cross, can be seen from many parts of Pest. At the top of the hill is the Citadel (Citadella), a fortress built by the Habsburgs after defeating Hungary's War of Independence in 1849. It was a prime, strategic site for shelling both Buda and Pest in the event of a future rebellion.

In the 18th century, the slopes of Gellért Hill were covered with vineyards. The Tabán district at the foot of the hill was an important center of winemaking in Buda. Gellért Hill was a strategic military position in the Second World War as well as the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, when Soviet tanks bombarded the city from here. Budapest's Statue of Liberty stands on top of the hill, and she can be seen from all parts of the city. Liberty was erected during the Communist era, commemorating the liberation from Nazi rule.


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Festival

1 ) Budapest International Circus Festival

Festival Month - January

Held biannually over five days from the end of January into February, this celebration of all things circus draws acts from all over the world to perform in the capital. Fire-eaters, clowns, dancers, acrobats, jugglers, trapeze artists and more give 30 shows over the five-day event, ending in a gala performance featuring famous talents.


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2 ) Budapest Spring Music Festival

Festival Month - March

This iconic musical event draws visitors from all over the world in March to its 200 concerts, many of which are set in the city’s glorious historic buildings. World-class artists in opera, classical, jazz, rock and folk perform in great buildings such as the Hungarian State Opera House and the National Gallery, as well as in basilicas, churches and less exalted venues.


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3 ) Valley of Magic Festival

Festival Month - June

This much-loved summer festival kicks off in June and runs through July around Lake Balaton and its little towns of Oula, Kapoics, Ocs and Monostorapati. Over 50 venues in Hungary host over 800 individual events of all kinds, attracting local and international visitors to the beautiful setting.


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