China

course image
Additional Information
Capital Beijing
Currency
Timezone Asia/Shanghai
Total States 34
Airport City Beijing Capital International Airport, Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport, Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, Shenzhen Bao'an International Airport
Ruling Type Government
Offical Languages Mandarin, Yu, Wu, Minbei, Xiang
National Animal Giant Panda
Food Sweet and Sour Pork, Kung Pao Chicken, Ma Po Tofu
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Dec
Summer : Jun - Sep
Winter     : Dec - Mar
Sprint      : Mar - Jun


Destination



1 ) Beijing
Popular - The Ancient Chinese Architecture     Location - Beijing, -Hebei, -China

Beijing  is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the central government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.

Beijing is an important world capital and global power city, and one of the world's leading centers for culture, diplomacy and politics, business and economy, education, language, and science and technology. A megacity, Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's cultural, educational, and political center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies and houses the largest number of Fortune Global 500 companies in the world, as well as the world's four biggest financial institutions. It is also a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport has been the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic since 2010, and, as of 2016, the city's subway network is the busiest and second longest in the world.

 


course image


2 ) Shanghai
Popular - High Tech City     Location - Shanghai, -Shanghai, -China

Shanghai  is one of the four municipalities of the People's Republic of China. It is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze, and the Huangpu River flows through it. With a population of 24.2 million as of 2018, it is the most populous urban area in China and the second most populous city proper in the world. Shanghai is a global center for finance, innovation, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port.

Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and its favorable port location. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War. The Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession were subsequently established. The city then flourished, becoming a primary commercial and financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the site of the major Battle of Shanghai. After the war, with the CPC takeover of mainland China in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries, and the city's global influence declined.


course image


3 ) Xi'An
Popular - Historical     Location - Xi'An, -Shaanxi, -China

Xi'an  also known as Sian, is the capital of Shaanxi Province. A sub-provincial city on the Guanzhong Plain in northwest China,it is one of the oldest cities in China, and the oldest of the Four Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history,including Western Zhou, Qin, Western Han, Sui, and Tang. Xi'an is the starting point of the Silk Road and home to the Terracotta Army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang.

Since the 1990s, as part of the economic revival of inland China especially for the central and northwest regions, the city of Xi'an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest region, with facilities for research and development, national security and space exploration. Xi'an currently holds sub-provincial status, administering 9 districts and 4 counties. As of 2018 Xi'an has a population of 12,005,600, and the Xi'an–Xianyang metropolitan area a population of 12.9 million. It is the most populous city in Northwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities in Western China, the other two being Chongqing and Chengdu. In 2012, it was named as one of the 13 emerging megacities, or megalopolises, in China.


course image


4 ) Zhanjiang Shi
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Zhanjiang Shi, -Hunan, -China

Zhanjiang is a prefecture-level city at the southwestern end of Guangdong province, People's Republic of China, facing Hainan to the south. Its population was 6,994,832 inhabitants at the 2010 census. 1,611,868 live in the built-up area made of four urban districts: Chikan, Xiashan, Potou and Mazhang.

Zhanjiang  is a prefecture-level city at the southwestern end of Guangdong province, People's Republic of China, facing Hainan to the south.Its population was 6,994,832 inhabitants at the 2010 census. 1,611,868 live in the built-up area made of four urban districts: Chikan, Xiashan, Potou and Mazhang. In 2007, the city is named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.


course image


5 ) Luoyang
Popular - The Ancient Chinese Architecture     Location - Luoyang, -Henan, -China

Luoyang is an industrial city in central China’s Henan province, in what is widely recognized as the region where Chinese civilization originated. Luoyang, ancient China’s capital during multiple dynasties, is home to Baima Si (White Horse Temple), among China’s first Buddhist temples, founded in the 1st century. Nearby, the Longmen Grottoes contain thousands of Buddhist rock carvings dating to the 5th century.

Shanghai is one of the four municipalities of the People's Republic of China. It is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze, and the Huangpu River flows through it. With a population of 24.2 million as of 2018, it is the most populous urban area in China and the second most populous city proper in the world. Shanghai is a global center for finance, innovation, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port.

Originally a fishing village and market town, Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to trade and its favorable port location. The city was one of five treaty ports forced open to foreign trade after the First Opium War. The Shanghai International Settlement and the French Concession were subsequently established. The city then flourished, becoming a primary commercial and financial hub of the Asia-Pacific region in the 1930s. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the site of the major Battle of Shanghai. After the war, with the CPC takeover of mainland China in 1949, trade was limited to other socialist countries, and the city's global influence declined


course image


6 ) Huangshan
Popular - Hills     Location - Huangshan, -Anhui, -China

The Huangshan mountain range has many peaks,some more than 1,000 meters (3,250 feet) high. The three tallest and best-known peaks are Lotus Peak (Lianhua Feng, 1,864 m), Bright Peak (Guangming Ding, 1,860 m), and Celestial Peak (Tiandu Feng, literally Capital of Heaven Peak, 1,829 m. The World Heritage Site covers a core area of 154 square kilometres and a buffer zone of 142 square kilometres. The mountains were formed in the Mesozoic, approximately 100 million years ago, when an ancient sea disappeared due to uplift. Later, in the Quaternary Period, the landscape was shaped by the influence of glaciers.

The vegetation of the area varies with elevation. Mesic forests cover the landscape below 1,100 meters. Deciduous forest stretches from 1,100 meters up to the tree line at 1,800 meters. Above that point, the vegetation consists of alpine grasslands. The area has diverse flora, where one-third of China's bryophyte families and more than half of its fern families are represented. The Huangshan pine (Pinus hwangshanensis) is named after Huangshan and is considered an example of vigor because the trees thrive by growing straight out of the rocks. Many of the pine trees in the area are more than a hundred years old and have been given their own names (such as the Ying Ke Pine, or Welcoming-Guests Pine, which is thought to be more than 1500 years old).The pines vary greatly in shape and size, with the most crooked of the trees being considered the most attractive. Furthermore, Huangshan's moist climate facilitates the growing of tea leaves, and the mountain has been called "one of China's premier green tea-growing mountains. Mao feng cha ("Fur Peak Tea"), a well-known local variety of green tea,takes its name from the downy tips of tea leaves found in the Huangshan area.


course image


7 ) Chengdu
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Chengdu, -Sichuan, -China

Chengdu is located in central Sichuan. The surrounding Chengdu Plain is known as the "Country of Heaven" (Chinese: 天府之国; pinyin: Tiānfǔ zhi Guó) and the "Land of Abundance". Its prehistoric settlers included the Sanxingdui culture. The site of Dujiangyan, an ancient irrigation system, is designated as a World Heritage Site. The Jin River flows through the city.

Founded by the state of Shu prior to its incorporation into China, Chengdu is unique as a major Chinese settlement that has maintained its name mostly unchanged throughout the imperial, republican, and communist eras. It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages.[11] During World War II, refugees from eastern China fleeing from the Japanese settled in Chengdu. After the war, Chengdu's importance as a link between Eastern and Western China expanded, with railways built to Chongqing in 1952, and Kunming and Tibet afterwards.[11] In the 1960s, Chengdu became an important centre of China's national defense industry.


course image


8 ) Hangzhou
Popular - Tea and Silk     Location - Hangzhou, -Zhejiang, -China

Hangzhou is a famous tourist city in China. 

Hangzhou is one of the most important tourist cities in China. With its enchanting natural scenery and rich cultural heritage, it attracts many visitors. It is gradually being transformed into a city of technology. Here are 10 important facts you should know before your trip there.

Hangzhou is the birthplace of Dragon Well (Longjing) tea, which is the most famous green tea in China and ranked as first among China's top 10 teas.

Ever since ancient times, Hangzhou, known as the "Capital of Tea in China", has been a famous tea-production base in China. Tea culture is an important feature of the city.

Hangzhou tea plantations mainly consist of Longjing Tea Plantation and Meijiawu Tea Plantation. Walking round picking tea leaves in a plantation and learning the art of tea-making are memorable experiences. If you are a tea fan, you are welcome to join our 1-Day Dragon Well Tea Culture Tour.

Hangzhou is also the historic center of China's silk production. It has always been regarded as the "Silk City".You'll see silk clothing and trinkets everywhere. Hangzhou silk is soft, luxurious, and decorative. It makes a great souvenir to take home once you have visited Hangzhou


course image


9 ) Tibet Autonomous Region
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Tibet Autonomous Region, -Tibet, -China

Tibet, on the lofty Tibetan Plateau on the northern side of the Himalayas, is an autonomous region of China. It's nicknamed the “Roof of the World” for its towering peaks. It shares Mt. Everest with Nepal. Its capital, Lhasa, is site of hilltop Potala Palace, once the Dalai Lama’s winter home, and Jokhang Temple, Tibet’s spiritual heart, revered for its golden statue of the young Buddha.

The Tibetan Empire emerged in the 7th century, but with the fall of the empire the region soon divided into a variety of territories. The bulk of western and central Tibet (Ü-Tsang) was often at least nominally unified under a series of Tibetan governments in Lhasa, Shigatse, or nearby locations; these governments were at various times under Mongol and Chinese overlordship. Thus Tibet remained a suzerainty of the Mongol and later Chinese rulers in Nanjing and Beijing, with reasonable autonomy given to the Tibetan leaders.[2] The eastern regions of Kham and Amdo often maintained a more decentralized indigenous political structure, being divided among a number of small principalities and tribal groups, while also often falling more directly under Chinese rule after the Battle of Chamdo; most of this area was eventually incorporated into the Chinese provinces of Sichuan and Qinghai. The current borders of Tibet were generally established in the 18th century.


course image


Activity



1 ) Mutianyu Great Wall
Activity Duration - 7:30am to 5:30pm     Activity Category - Attraction

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids and invasions of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC; these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built 220–206 BC by Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall is from the Ming Dynasty.

Other purposes of the Great Wall have included border controls, allowing the imposition of duties on goods transported along the Silk Road, regulation or encouragement of trade and the control of immigration and emigration. Furthermore, the defensive characteristics of the Great Wall were enhanced by the construction of watch towers, troop barracks, garrison stations, signaling capabilities through the means of smoke or fire, and the fact that the path of the Great Wall also served as a transportation corridor.


course image


2 ) Summer Palace (Yiheyuan)
Activity Duration - 6:30 AM to 6:00 PM     Activity Category - Attraction

Situated in the Haidian District northwest of Beijing, Summer Palace is 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the downtown area. Being the largest and most well-preserved royal park in China, it greatly influences Chinese horticulture and landscape with its famous natural views and cultural interests, which also has long been recognized as 'The Museum of Royal Gardens'.

Yiheyuan radiates fully the natural beauty and the grandeur of royal gardens. Composed mainly of Longevity Hill and Kunming Lake, it owns over 3,000 man-made ancient structures, including pavilions, towers, bridges, corridors, etc.


course image


3 ) Ming Tombs (Ming Shisan Ling)
Activity Duration - 8am to 5:30pm     Activity Category - Architecture

The Ming tombs in Beijing are a classic destination for tourists to come to and explore the vast cultural history of the city. It is a collection of mausoleums built by the emperors of the Ming dynasty of China. You will be amazed to know that these monuments in Beijing are sitting as per a careful scheme of Feng Shui principles. The specific arc shaped valley is positioned to dispel the bad spirits and evil winds. There is a 7 kilometre long road that leads into the complex and is lined with several statues of guardian animals and a front gate called the Great Red Gate. This attraction in Beijing gives a glimpse into the history and culture of China.

Historical Context: The Ming Tombs were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in August 2003.


course image


4 ) Forbidden City (Palace Museum)
Activity Duration - 8:30am to 5:00pm     Activity Category - Museum

The Forbidden City in Beijing was constructed in the late fifteenth century and was initially known as the Palace Museum. Today, the city consists of over 9,000 rooms for accommodation and is spread over a huge area of 250 acres. The significance of the attraction in Beijing arises from the fact that in the ancient times, this place served as a home to the emperors and their families and was also the centre for holding ceremonial processions and conducting political agendas. What is worthy of attention at this landmark in Beijing is the traditional Chinese architecture that is an exemplary display of cultural and traditional developments adopted from the East Asia region. Today, this place is a declared World Heritage site for the largest collection of preserved wooden structures in the world.


course image


5 ) Temple of Heaven (Tian tan)
Activity Duration - 6am to 8pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

The temple of heaven in Beijing is a cultural medieval complex consisting of several religious buildings. In ancient times, this place was used by the rulers of the Ming and Qing dynasties to hold various annual ceremonies and to pray for a good harvest. It is also regarded as the Taoist temple in line with Chinese mythology. This religious site in Beijing is perhaps the largest and exemplary representation of China’s ancient age sacrificial building. Over the years, several expeditions of enlargement and renovation have been carried out on this sacred structure. The structure of this attraction in Beijing is divided into two encircling walls into separate inner and outer walls. Among the most alluring features of this temple are the circular shaped mound Altar, the imperial vault heaven and hall of prayer.


course image


6 ) Tiananmen Square (Tiananmen Guangchang)
Activity Duration - 8:30am to 4:30pm     Activity Category - Museum

Located at the center of Beijing City and the midpoint of Chang'an Avenue is the remarkable Tiananmen Square, where you can visit the Tiananmen Tower, Monument to the People's Heroes, Great Hall of the People, Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and see the national flag raising ceremony. Thousands of people come to the Square every day. It is the must place to visit in Beijing City.

At the north end of the Square is Tiananmen Tower. Initially built in 1417 during the Ming Dynasty (1368 A.D.- 1644 A.D.), the Square was the front door of the Forbidden City.
The most important use of it in the past was to declare in a big ceremony to the common people who became the emperor and who became the empress. Until 1911 when the last feudal kingdom was over, no one could enter the Tower except for the royal family and aristocrats. 


course image


7 ) Shanghai French Concession
Activity Category - Attraction

The leafy boulevards of the elegant French Concession are home to cozy live-music venues and boutique wine bars, as well as indie fashion shops and European delis. Dining options range from soba noodle shops to tapas bars and French bistros. The Shanghai Arts and Crafts Museum has ceramics, wood carvings and embroidery on display, while Fuxing Park is a popular tai chi spot.

One of the most typical features of FFC are its gorgeous tree-lined avenues, which are perfect for long walks. When in the FFC, you can't miss the huge variety of hip cafes and restaurants, concept bars and breweries, boutiques, art galleries and antiques stores.


course image


8 ) Oriental Pearl Tower (Dongfang Mingzhu Ta)
Activity Duration - 8:00 AM to 9:30 PM     Activity Category - Tower

The Tower provides 3 major sightseeing floors for a bird's eye view of the city in different height, separately in the heights of 98, 263 and 350 meters. The highest sightseeing site is the space capsule, and following is the main sightseeing site in the second sphere with the height of 263 meters, and the ones with heights of 259 meters and 90 meters are two outdoor sightseeing floors, of which the one in 259 meters high is an impending veranda that visitors can enjoy the full view of both sides of Huangpu River through clear glasses under their feet.

The famed Oriental Pearl Rotating Restaurant is located at the upper sphere in a height of 267 meters, ranking second in height in Asia. With a business area of 1500 square meters, it can serve 350 guests at the same time with advantaged landscapes, outstanding food and top-class service. In the lower sphere at the height of 90 meters, it has a Futuristic Space City; while in the base of the tower, it is the Shanghai Urban History Exhibition Hall and a Science Fantasy City. The five smaller spheres are a hotel provides twenty-five elegant rooms and lounges.

Erecting between the Yangpu Bridge in the northeast and the Nanpu Bridge in the southwest, Oriental Pearl has created a scene of "two dragons playing with pearls". If has a night view from the Bund along the Huangpu River at night, the tower's three-dimensional lights is glistening and dazzling, creating a most representative prosperous view of Shanghai together with the architecture museum of the Bund. Standing at the square under the tower, it is just amazing and marvelous at the great of this unique architecture.


course image


9 ) The Bund (Waitan)
Activity Duration - 08:00am - 10:00pm     Activity Category - Architecture

Waitan (also known as the Bund) is regarded as a window of Shanghai that has witnessed historic changes in Shanghai and China. If you haven’t been to the Bund, it’s said that you haven’t really been to Shanghai.

The Bund is a highlight of Shanghai, and the architecture there is the highlight of the Bund. The structures witnessed the whole process of a small fishing village changing to an international financial center. Taking your time and hearing interesting stories about this city is a special experience

In the evening, the Bund is full of amorous feelings and colorful neon lights. Walking is a romantic way to experience the Bund. Take half an hour to have a nighttime stroll along the Bund and admire the world expo of architecture.


course image


10 ) Jade Buddha Temple (Yufo Si)
Activity Duration - 8:00am to 4:30pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

Shanghai's Yufo Chan Si, or Jade Buddha Temple (literally "Jade Buddha Chan Temple", the "Chan" (aka Zen) being a reference to the Chan Buddhism sect of Mahayana Buddhism, the other Mahayana sect being Shin ("Pure Land") Buddhism, not to be confused with Shinto, or the ancient religion of Japan that predates Buddhism's spread to Japan, though the name itself is a composite term - Shin ("Way of the Gods") and to ("to do").

For example, "to follow the path of the gods" - borrowed from written Chinese), was built during the reign (CE 1875-1908) of Emperor Guang Xu of the Qing (CE 1644-1911) Dynasty. Jade Buddha Temple is currently located at 170 Anyuan Road in the Putuo District of the city, though the temple was originally constructed on a different site in northern Shanghai.


course image


11 ) Yuyuan Garden
Activity Duration - 8:45 AM - 4:15 PM     Activity Category - Attraction

Yuyuan Garden is one of the best preserved and restored classical Chinese gardens in Shanghai. Dating back to the Ming Dynasty the garden occupies a total area of 20,000 square meters. Yuyuan Garden is made up of ponds, bridges, trees, shrubs and rockscapes. With all these ingenious ideas incorporated together the beautiful Yuyuan Garden is definitely worth taking visiting for any Shanghai tour. There are more than 40 scenic attractions throughout the entire garden. The Yuyuan Garden is divided into six scenic areas that are known as Grand Rockery, Ten Thousand-Flower Pavilion, Hall of Heralding Spring, Hall of Jade Magnificence, Inner Garden and Lotus Pool.

Next to the Yuyuan Garden is the Yuyuan Bazaar otherwise known as the Chenghuang Bazaar or City God Temple Market. The market is a popular area for tourists and shopping where visitors can take a visit to shops, restaurants and recreation facilities while taking in the views of Ming and Qing architecture.


course image


12 ) Nanjing Road (Nanjing Lu)
Activity Duration - 10 am to 10 pm.     Activity Category - Shopping Street

China's premier shopping street, the 5.5-km-long (3.4-mile-long) Nanjing Road, starts at the Bund in the east and ends in the west at the junction of Jing'an Temple and West Yan'an Street. Today it is a must-see metropolitan destination attracting thousands of fashion-seeking shoppers from all over the world.

As a century-old shopping street in Huangpu District, Shanghai, Nanjing Road was a witness of the city's history. Over time, it has been restructured, undergoing significant changes. Big traditional stores no longer dominate the market since modern shopping malls, specialty stores, theaters, and international hotels have mushroomed on both sides of the street. For shopping convenience, its eastern end has an all-weather pedestrian arcade.
 


course image


13 ) People’s Square (Renmin Guangchang)
Activity Duration - 12:00 AM - 12:00 AM     Activity Category - Shopping Street

People’s Square is a major transport hub that draws visitors to Nanjing West Road, a main shopping street with malls offering local fashion and electronics, and food stalls selling kebabs and scallion pancakes. The area is known for landmarks like the Shanghai Museum, with calligraphy scrolls and bronze vessels, and the Shanghai Grand Theatre. Calm, leafy People’s Park is home to the Museum of Contemporary Art.


course image


14 ) Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum
Activity Duration - 8:30am to 5pm     Activity Category - Museum

It is said that before Qin Dynasty (221BC), people in Shaanxi didn’t use potteries. When Emperor Qin Shihuang came into power, he started the construction of his tomb right away. After looking at many places in the country, he picked Li Shan mountain as the spot. He ordered thousands of laborers to build the tomb. He also wanted to have thousands of young boys and girls be buried alive with him when he passed away. Li Si, his Prime Minister, was ordered to select the boys and girls and carry out the plan.  Li Si was terrified at Qin Shihuang’s order. He knew that would lead to civil revolt, so he suggested pottery figures to be buried instead. Qin Shihuang thought Li Si’s suggestion made sense, so he accepted the idea but ordered life-sized warriors to be made by copying his real 8, 000 palace guards.

Several thousand artisans were selected to complete the task after a nation-wide search. However, none of the artisans had experience of kilning human figures, not to mention making life-sized ones. They tried and tried different techniques but failed. The officials got angry and ordered to have a hundred artisans killed. One of the older artisans, before his death, told his son to try to kiln the body parts first and then put them together. The son did what his father suggested and was able to make a complete warrior successfully after several attempts. The artisans were thrilled. They worked day and night using this special technique, and that was how the 8, 000 terracotta warriors were made.


course image


15 ) Bell Tower (Zhonglou)
Activity Duration - 8:30am to 9:30pm     Activity Category - Architecture

The Bell Tower, is a stately traditional building, that marks the geographical center of the ancient capital. From this important landmark extend East, South, West and North Streets, connecting the tower to the East, South, West and North Gates of the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty.

The wooden tower, which is the largest and best-preserved of its kind in China, is 36 meters (118 feet) high. It stands on a brick base 35.5 meters (116.4 feet) long and 8.6 meters (28.2 feet) high on each side. During the Ming Dynasty, Xi'an was an important military town in Northwest China, a fact that is reflected in the size and historic significance.

The tower was built in 1384 by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang as a way to dominate the surrounding countryside and provide early warning of attack by rival rulers.


course image


16 ) Xian Great Mosque
Activity Duration - 08:00am – 07:00pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

Located less than 1 km northwest to the Drum Tower, the Great Mosque is the most famous among the 14 mosques of Xi'an as well as one of the oldest and largest ones of China. It is also known as the Great East Mosque because of its large scale and location east of another mosque on the Dajue Alley of the City.  

The mosque was recorded to be first completed in 742 (Tang Dynasty), and repaired and expanded in the following dynasties. Most of the existing structures were constructed in Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, which formed its final layout.


course image


17 ) Xi'an City Wall (Chengqiang)
Activity Category - Historical Place

After Zhu Yuanzhang (1328-1398), the founder of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), occupied the city of Huizhou, he was advised by a recluse named Zhu Sheng that "build indestructible city walls and hoard grains before declaring yourself emperor". At the age when the city gates were the only entrances of a city, city walls were undoubtedly the crucial defense points that feudalistic rulers focused on. Therefore, city walls were constructed nationally when the emperor unified the country. The circumvallation in Xi'an today was one of the achievements, which was built and expanded on the former imperial city of Tang Dynasty (618-907).

At the very beginning, the body of the Ancient City Wall in Xi'an was built with layered loess, and the base was tamped with the mixture of sticky rice juice, lime and earth. This simple but hard wall was not paved with black bricks until 1568. It was stable enough to allow solders to practice and chariot to run on it. The wall was increased to be 12 meters high, 12-14 and 15-18 meters width on the top and the bottom respectively. 98 observation towers in total were built every 120 meters extruding the city wall to defense enemies who climbed into the wall.


course image


18 ) Tang Dynasty Dinner Show
Activity Duration - 12:00 AM - 11:59 PM     Activity Category - Music and Dance Show

 The tang dynasty show is also known as " The music and dance dinner show in Xian" is the pride of the city. Hosted at the "Tang Dynasty Palace", which is a leading entertainment theatre & dinner restaurant in China. This legendary venue offers visitors a unique opportunity to indulge themselves in exotic Chinese entertainment and Cantonese delicasies.

Founded in 1988, the theater has been a stage for many famous performances of cultural sginificance. This performance is no exception either, with roots to dance, and music that was used in ritual prayer for a good harvest and better life. Reserve tickets to make sure you don't miss this popular spectacle for your magical visit to Xi'an!

This popular show is a must on the list of things to do in Xian. Making The Tang Dynasty Palace one of the major tourist attractions in the city center.


course image


19 ) Banpo Village
Activity Duration - 08:00am - 06:00pm     Activity Category - Museum

The Banpo Museum is located in the eastern outskirt of Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. As the first museum at the prehistoric site, it was built at the base of the excavations of the Banpo site. In 1958, it opened to the public formally.

The Banpo Site is a typical Neolithic matriarchal community of the Yangshao Culture dating back about 6,000 years. At that time, the people living here used tools made primarily of wood and stone. Women, the crucial labor force, were responsible for making pottery, spinning, and raising the family, while men fished.

The approximately 4,500 square meters (about 1 acre) exhibit area of Banpo Museum is divided into two Exhibition Halls and a Site Hall.


course image


20 ) Xian Museum & Small Goose Pagoda (Xiaoyanta)
Activity Duration - 09:00am to 04:00pm     Activity Category - Historical Place

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda located inside the Jianfu Temple today was originally a 45-meter-high structure with 15 storeys. It was constructed in 707 AD in Tang Dynasty (618-907) to store the Buddhist sutras and objects that Master Yijing brought from India. It was named after "Wild Goose Pagoda" as well as the Big Wild Goose Pagoda due to the similar appearance and function.

In 1487, an earthquake attacked the pagoda and caused ashatter crack on the body of the pagoda. Later on, a layer of bricks was piled outside the base to reinforce the pagoda. In 1555, the pagoda suffered from another strong earthquake, which chipped off two storeys of the top of the pagoda – that is why it is 43.3 meters in height today. And the shatter crack produced in 1487 was not repaired until 1965.

The Small Wild Goose Pagoda and the Jianfu Temple were constructed away from each other at the very beginning. At the end of Tang, the temple at its original site was destroyed in wars and afterwards it was rebuilt surrounding the pagoda. After that, the pagoda got a new name – Pagoda of Jianfu Temple.


course image


21 ) Longmen Grottoes (Longmen Caves)
Activity Duration - 8am to 5:30pm     Activity Category - Architecture

One of the four major grottoes of China and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Longmen Grottoes are a trove of 1000 years of Buddhist art treasures. Bounded by the Yi River, the caverns are divided into two sections at East Hill and West Hill. The caverns at East Hill contain mostly Tang dynasty (618-907) works, while the caverns at West Hill were cut out during the Northern, Sui, and Tang dynasties and contain the carvings that are most representative of the site. The Buddha and bodhisattva sculptures that inhabit the caverns are carved into an endless variety of poses and expressions of mercy and kindness, while the caves themselves lend a stately and dignified atmosphere. The artistry of these sculptures is truly a priceless inheritance of Buddhist art.
 


course image

Festival

1 ) Chinese New year festival

Festival Month - January

Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival or Lunar New Year, is the grandest festival in China, with a 7-day long holiday. As the most colorful annual event, the traditional CNY celebration lasts longer, up to two weeks, and the climax arrives around the Lunar New Year's Eve. China during this period is dominated by iconic red lanterns, loud fireworks, massive banquets and parades, and the festival even triggers exuberant celebrations across the globe.


course image

2 ) Yuan Xiao Festival

Festival Month - February

The Chinese New Year holiday comes to its climax with the Yuan Xiao (元宵节—yuán xiāo jié), or Lantern Festival. Began over 2000 years ago, the festival has developed many meanings. It celebrates family reunions and society. It features ancient spiritual traditions. Some also call this the “true” Chinese Valentine’s Day. The many activities include moon gazing, lighting lanterns, riddles, lion dances and eating rice balls. According to the lunar calendar, the festival takes place on January 15.


course image

3 ) Mid Autumn Festival

Festival Month - September

Falling on the 15th day of the 8th month according to the Chinese lunar calendar, the Mid-Autumn Festival is the second grandest festival in China after the Chinese New Year. It takes its name from the fact that it is always celebrated in the middle of the autumn season. The day is also known as the Moon Festival, as at that time of the year the moon is at its roundest and brightest.


course image