Cambodia

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Additional Information
Capital Phnom Penh
Currency KHR
Timezone Asia/Phnom_Penh
Total States 25
Airport City Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport, Sihanoukville International Airport,
Ruling Type King Ruled
Offical Languages Cham, Chinese, French, Khmer, Vietnamese
National Animal Kouprey
Food Fish Amok, Lap Khmer, Kampot Pepper Crabs.
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Dec
Summer : Jun - Sep
Winter     : Dec - Mar
Sprint      : Mar - Jun


Destination



1 ) Phnom Penh
Popular - River     Location - Phnom Penh, -Phnom Penh, -Cambodia

Could anyone travel to Cambodia and not visit the capital city? That would be incredulous! This city is full of life and rich in history. The town once called the ‘Pearl of Asia’ was rightfully called so. Just as a pearl is formed as a result of irritant, Phnom Penh bears the scars of a brutal past, but it shines in all its glory. With majestic temples, other architectural wonders and its warm and wonderful people, it is indeed a city to consider visiting.

We know with certainty that you will visit the killing fields and Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, which is great. They are a part of Cambodia and it evokes so many emotions in all the visitors. But a trip to Wat Phnom Hillswould be just as great.

The largest freshwater body in Southeast Asia, Tonle Sap Lake with its abundant bird sanctuary and the floating villages is guaranteed to leave a lasting impression on any traveler. 

A visit to the Central market is bound to get your taste buds into overdrive. Eat to your heart’s content or just stare at the fried critters and exotic fruits. 

Take a tour of the Royal Palace and admire the architecture or do some charity work with the many NGOs in the city, or just relax with a thorough body massage.Whether you prefer indoor relaxation or love to venture out in the open, getting dirty with nature or relaxing in the lap of luxury, Phnom Penh will satisfy all your desires and more.


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2 ) Siem Reap
Popular - Resorts     Location - Siem Reap, -Siem Reap, -Cambodia

Siem Reap, a resort town in northwestern Cambodia, is the gateway to the ruins of Angkor, the seat of the Khmer kingdom from the 9th–15th centuries. Angkor’s vast complex of intricate stone buildings includes preserved Angkor Wat, the main temple, which is pictured on Cambodia’s flag. Giant, mysterious faces are carved into the Bayon Temple at Angkor Thom.


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3 ) Sihanoukville
Popular - Beach     Location - Sihanoukville, -Sihanoukville, -Cambodia

This secluded city was named after the beloved king and has become a leading seaside resort. It is relatively unknown in terms of being the ultimate resort destination, but then it has steadily grown to become a magnet for tourists from all over the continents. 

The white sandy beaches and the laid back atmosphere make it a perfect place for relaxation along the coastline of the city. The numerous shacks and hotels provide affordable accommodation to travelers. 

You could indulge in a lot of water sports and activities like jet skiing and snorkeling. Take a motorbike ride to experience things off the road, lounge on the beaches and drink beer. In the evening, enjoy the booming nightlife and jam with the expats or other travelers.


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4 ) Krong Battambang
Popular - Temple / Church / Mosque     Location - Krong Battambang, -Banteay Meanchey, -Cambodia

The city is quite relaxed and easy going in stark contrast to the fact that it is the second largest city. Battambang is a beautiful balance of French architecture and Khmer designs, some of which are preserved very well. 

The impressive Banan temple is worth a visit and so are the killing sites of Phnom Sampeau. The province of Battambang is aptly called the “rice bowl” of Cambodia and offers authentic local delicacies. It has rich agricultural reserves.

The rich culture and tradition are evident in the flourishing Battambang circus which is steeped in the country’s history. It is a must-see for anyone who steps in this town. For culinary enthusiasts, there is always a cooking class that is offered. The one that provides a cooking class in English at Battambang is Nary Kitchen.

A ride through the countryside in a bamboo train could also easily be a highlight during a visit to this marvelous city. 


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5 ) Kratie
Popular - River     Location - Kratie, -Kratie, -Cambodia

This small city that stands on the banks of the Mekong River is also a great place to visit. It is the place people come to see the rare Irrawaddy dolphins and take pictures of the ordinary lives of the local people. 

The food lovers can enjoy the famed bamboo sticky rice and barbequed snails while the animal lover can watch the dolphins as well as the giant soft-shell turtle at the Mekong Turtle Conservation Centre. The rich flora of Kratie includes wildflowers and orchids and is a source of inspiration among nature lovers.

The Kampi rapids with furious and fast currents can give the viewer an adrenaline rush while exploring the Koh Trong Island is enough to calm even the most adventurous soul. You can comfortably lodge in any of the home stays in the city.


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6 ) Kampot
Popular - Plantations     Location - Kampot, -Kampot, -Cambodia

Kampot is easily an enchanting trap, in the most beautiful way. The city has a lot of hidden gems that can appeal to every traveler and make him want to stay for longer. 

The peaceful street makes the most idealistic place to walk around or take a cycle ride with a loved one. Apart from the parks, the haunting ruins and the breathtaking geography of this place, the best thing is the people.

The people in this town are amazingly more hospitable and warm than other areas if that is even possible. The music, the food, the people and nature can be a heady combination that can take you to another place. 


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7 ) Ban Lung
Popular - Falls     Location - Ban Lung, -Ratanakiri, -Cambodia

Until very recently, this far-flung town was the hub of illegal trade and logging. But it has been very steadily climbing unto the tourism map, which has been a very effortless transition. This was made possible thanks to its unique location and natural beauty.

It is located between the remote borders of Laos and Vietnam. The red colored dusty roads are flanked by trees on either side which lends it a charming look. The marketplace is an active place of buying and selling. 

Outside the city’s hectic life, a fantastic water body, Boeung Yeak Lom, with its gleaming turquoise waters is a sight to behold. Among the dense jungle, this water body is a gem. 


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8 ) Koh Kong
Popular - Beach     Location - Koh Kong, -Sihanoukville, -Cambodia

Koh Rong is a relatively new player on the tourism scene. However, it is no secret that it is home to some of the best beaches from anywhere. The city itself is on the throes of development, but nature had other plans.

Perhaps the most exciting and fascinating things about this place are the glowing blue plankton that occurs at night. It is something that needs to be seen to be believed. A considerable number of tourists visit the city to experience this magic of nature. 

Apart from the natural wonder, the city has so much to offer in the form of authentic food, great music and of course the beaches, that calls out to be explored and enjoyed.  

Water activities are there to welcome you in the form of snorkeling and diving with stingrays and sea horses. After all these activities, listen to the waves as you drift off to sleep. Sounds too good to be true? Come and experience it yourself!


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9 ) Kampong Thom
Popular - River     Location - Kampong Thom, -Kampong Thom, -Cambodia

This ancient city is older than the Angkor temples by about 400 years. It is located between Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, which is why many people consider it a transit stop. However, this city has a lot more to offer than just being a stopover. 

It has a rich history and many ancient heritage artifacts. It is home to the Sambor Prei Kuk, which is an important archaeological site. The city also houses many temples complexes and pagodas. 


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10 ) Kep
Popular - Beach     Location - Kep, -Kep, -Cambodia

Initially developed as a seaside resort for the affluent and French socialites in the 1900s, the city is home to huge villas some of which are now falling into ruins. 

But nature did not prevent it from producing the freshest and the best seafood in the country. The crab shacks and the crab market are the highlights of this town. 

The city is very family oriented and offers a fantastic place for great photography at Kep National Park, the crumbling villas and golden sunsets. 


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11 ) Kampong Cham
Popular - River     Location - Kampong Cham, -Kampong Cham, -Cambodia

The city is the center of trade and industry in the area. The orange waters of the Mekong River make its way through the town as the charming people welcome their guests. 

The city is behind in infrastructure and development, but the warmth of the people more than make up for this fact. Casual limbering in the boulevards provides a glimpse into the lives of the people living in these parts; people exercising in groups, and pedaling their wares piled so high in the bicycle you can hardly see the rider. 

The bamboo bridge is perhaps the fascinating thing about this city is. Every year the Mekong river flood, forcing the people to take down the bridge, and it is rebuilt after every flood. 

The city is also home to the last wooden pagoda in the entire province. A good number of temple complexes are also in the town which is definitely worth checking out.


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Activity



1 ) Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity (ACCB)
Activity Duration - 8:30am – 3:30pm     Activity Category - Nature Preservation

Conveniently located at the base of the trail to Kbal Spean is the Angkor Centre for Conservation of Biodiversity, which is committed to rescuing, rehabilitating and releasing threatened wildlife into Cambodian forests. It also operates conservation breeding programs for selected threatened species in an attempt to preserve them from extinction. 

The centre takes care of about 45 species totalling more than 550 animals. It is possible to see pileated gibbon, Indochinese silvered langur, several turtle and tortoise species, green peafowl, small carnivores and a variety of birds of prey. There are also several large wading birds, including the impressive sarus crane and one of the largest collections of threatened storks in the world.

 


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2 ) Kbal Spean
Activity Duration - 7am – 5:30pm     Activity Category - Attraction

Kbal Spean ("Bridge Head") is an Angkorian era archaeological site on the southwest slopes of the Kulen Hills to the northeast of Angkor in Siem Reap District, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia. It is situated along a 150m stretch of the Stung Kbal Spean River, 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the main Angkor group of monuments, which lie downstream.

The site consists of a series of stone rock relief carvings in sandstone formations of the river bed and banks. It is commonly known as the "Valley of a 1000 Lingas" or "The River of a Thousand Lingas". The motifs for stone carvings are mainly myriads of lingams (phallic symbol of Hindu god Shiva), depicted as neatly arranged bumps that cover the surface of a sandstone bed rock, and lingam-yoni designs. There are also various Hindu mythological motifs, including depictions of the gods Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma, Lakshmi, Rama, and Hanuman, as well as animals (cows and frogs)


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3 ) Tonlé Sap
Activity Category - Lake

The Lake is the largest fresh water in South East Asia. Its dimension changes depending on the monsoon and dry season. During raining season from June to October, the lake is filled by water flowing from the Mekong with 14 meters in depth and expands the surface of 10,000 square Kilometers. In dry season from November to May its size 3,000 square kilometers with two meters in depth and water flows out from the Lake to the Mekong, in and out flowing is the natural phenomenon occurrences. The flooded forest surrounding the edge of the lake is the best shelter and also very important for all kinds of fishes spawned and breeding babies. This lake providing many of biodiversities, over 300 species of fresh water fishes, as well as snakes, crocodiles, tortoises, turtles and otters. More than 100 varieties water birds including storks, pelicans, etc

The Lake is also an important commercial resource, providing more than half of the fish consumed in Cambodia. In harmony with the specialized ecosystems, the human occupations at the edges of the lake is similarly distinctive - floating villages, towering stilted houses, huge fish traps, and an economy and way of life deeply intertwined with the lake, the fish, the wildlife and the cycles of rising and falling waters


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4 ) Pub Street
Activity Category - Entertainment

Pub Street is at the heart of the tourist centre of Siem Reap. Everything you do in the evening time is likely to revolve around this part of town. In fact, it’s often said that a trip to Siem Reap isn’t complete unless you visit Angkor Wat and Pub Street!

Situated next to the Old Market, Pub Street (officially Street 8), has grown to become the centre of all nightlife in Siem Reap. The area is full of restaurants, bars, nightclubs, street food, shops, market stalls, and just about everything else you could imagine.

If you’re looking to get a fish massage, eat some fried ice-cream, dance until 2 o’clock in the morning, or just get a good meal after a day exploring Angkor Wat, then it’s likely that you’ll be heading to Pub Street.


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5 ) Beng Mealea
Activity Duration - 7am – 5:30pm     Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

Beng Mealea, located about 68km northeast of Siem Reap, is one of the most mysterious temples at Angkor, as nature has well and truly run riot. Exploring this Titanic of temples, built to the same floor plan as Angkor Wat, is the ultimate Indiana Jones experience. Built in the 12th century under Suryavarman II, Beng Mealea is enclosed by a massive moat measuring 1.2km by 900m.

Beng Mealea is at the centre of an ancient Angkorian road connecting Angkor Thom and Preah Khan (Prasat Bakan) in Preah Vihear Province, now evocatively numbered route 66. A small Angkorian bridge just west of Chau Srei Vibol temple is the only remaining trace of the old Angkorian road between Beng Mealea and Angkor Thom; between Beng Mealea and Preah Khan there are at least 10 bridges abandoned in the forest. This is a way for extreme adventurers to get to Preah Khan temple, but do not undertake this journey lightly.


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6 ) Phnom Kulen National Park
Activity Category - National Park

Phnom Kulen National Park is a national park in Cambodia, located in the Phnom Kulen mountain massif in Siem Reap Province. It was established in 1993 and covers 373.76 km². Its official Khmer name is Preah Cheyvaraman-Norodom Phnom Kulen National Park.

Phnom Kulen is a holy mountain which serves as a place of pilgrimage on weekends and special occasions. It stretches over an area of 25 by 10km and is covered by a chain of small mountain plateaus.

Phnom Kulen is believed to be the birthplace of the Khmer Empire where King Jayavarman II was crowned as ‘God-king’. At present, Kulen Mountain is a favorite spot among Cambodian families for weekend getaways and special holidays. This is where families usually gather together and the place where visitors go for outdoor activities.


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7 ) wat athvea
Activity Category - Temple / Mosque / Church

Wat Althea, also called Prasat Vat Althea, is a 12th century Hindu temple at Angkor, Cambodia with an active Buddhist temple and cemetery located adjacent to the walled ancient structure. It is located 6 km. south of Siem Reap just west of the road leading to the Tonle Sap. The temple's design and the distinctive style of its devata (sacred female images) indicate that it was built during the reign of King Suryavarman II (circa 1115-1150 AD), who also built Angkor Wat.

Though lacking carvings, this laterite and sandstone temple is still in relatively good condition. It bears no inscriptions to allow precise dating but seems to have been constructed employing Angkor Wat architectural style, which is particularly apparent in the towers, suggestive of late 11th century construction. This temple seems to have been left unfinished as evidenced in part by the lack of carvings. Some of the apsara carvings were abandoned half finished. It is next to an active wat of the same name. Because it is well outside the regular temple complex, it is relatively untouristed. Located 7km south of town, 200m off the main road from town to the Tonle Sap. Look for a white concrete arch/sign at the turnoff to the wat. For a countryside sunset, follow the dirt road for a kilometer or two past the wat. Palm trees and small huts lining the road open to rice paddies and Phnom Krom on the horizon.


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Festival

1 ) Cambodian Independence Day

Festival Month - November

The festivals in Cambodia and Theravada Buddhist ritual are irretrievably linked together. Even the Khmer Rouge and the rise of western culture could do little to suppress the practice of Cambodian festival celebrations. The citizens find this time a great way to bond and rejoice over the shared understanding of Cambodian culture, values and traditions. People from all the nooks and corners of Cambodia flock the capital to witness the display of organized fireworks which accompany the festivities. Cambodia festivals and holidays are decided based on the Khmer lunar calendar


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2 ) Choul Chhnam Thmey or Khmer New Year

Festival Month - April

This is one of the biggest festivals in Cambodia during which Cambodians with Khmer roots stop working for a whole 3 days and return to their homes to celebrate the end of the traditional harvest season. It is a time when the farmers, who have toiled the whole year in their farms for harvesting food, take some leisurely time off. The Khmer community celebrates this day by uniting with their family members and performing many purification ceremonies, visiting their temples and having fun playing traditional games.


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3 ) Preah Reach Pithi Bonn Chrot Preah Neang Kol or Royal Ploughing Ceremony

Festival Month - May

This is a significant ceremony of ancient royals which marks the beginning of the rice-growing season when the preparations for the farming activities begin. This was formerly initiated by the Khmer king and since then it has been celebrated annually. The traditional event is held by the King of Cambodia. A representative of the King of Cambodia starts the ceremony by ploughing with the royal oxen which marks the start of a good harvest season.


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