Azerbaijan

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Additional Information
Capital baku
Currency
Timezone Asia/Baku
Total States 9
Airport City Heydar Aliyev International Airport,,baku., Ganja International Airport,ganja, Lankaran International Airport, Qabala International Airport, Zaqatala International Airport
Ruling Type Government
Offical Languages Azarbaijani,
National Animal Horse
Food Plov, Dolma, Baliq
Seasons Autumn  : Sep - Nov
Summer : Jun - Aug
Winter     : Dec - Feb
Sprint      : Mar - May


Destination



1 ) Baku City
Popular - Capital City     Location - Baku City, -Baki, -Azerbaijan

Baku is famous for its controversial building craze, oil and gas boom, and now Eurovision 2012.  Priding itself on its strong culture of hospitality, Baku comes into its own as a glamorous host of international events.

Baku, the capital and commercial hub of Azerbaijan, is a low-lying city with coastline along the Caspian Sea. It's famed for its medieval walled old city, which contains the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a vast royal complex, and the iconic stone Maiden Tower. Contemporary landmarks include the Zaha Hadid–designed Heydar Aliyev Center, and the Flame Towers, 3 pointed skyscrapers covered with LED screens.

Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, lies along the Caspian Sea, and is a somewhat curious mix of the old walled city of Icheri Seher, and a modern building craze that has led a boom in skyscrapers, many of which are studded with LCD screens. Of all of these, make sure that you don’t miss the Flame Towers, three towers built to resemble fire that cast a bronzed glow over the city at night. The city also embraces the modern at the Museum of the Contemporary Art that has over 900 artworks that feature up and coming artists from the region, and is well worth a visit for those interested in modern culture. You can also try the local produce with a visit to Teze Bazaar, a market famous for its cheeses and spices, or grab a kebab, a local delicacy at one of the numerous open restaurants found all over the city.

 


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2 ) Sheki
Popular - Architecture     Location - Sheki, -Shaki City, -Azerbaijan

Sheki is situated in northern Azerbaijan on the southern part of the Greater Caucasus mountain range, 325 km (202 mi) from Baku. The population is 63,000.During its history, the town saw devastation many times and because of that, the oldest historic and architectural monuments currently preserved are dated to only the 16th–19th centuries. For many centuries, Shaki has been famous for being the center of silkworm-breeding.

here are traces of large-scale settlements in Sheki dating back to more than 2700 years ago. The Sakas were an Iranian people that wandered from the north side of the Black Sea through Derbend passage and to the South Caucasus and from there to Asia Minor in the 7th century B.C. They occupied a good deal of the fertile lands in South Caucasus in an area called Sakasena. The city of Sheki was one of the areas occupied by the Sakas. The original settlement dates back to the late Bronze Age.

Sheki was one of the biggest cities of the Albanian states in the 1st century. The main temple of the ancient Albanians was located there. The kingdom of Sheki was divided into 11 administrative provinces. Sheki was one of the important political and economic cities before the Arab invasion. But as a result of the invasion, Sheki was annexed to the third emirate. An independent principality was established in times of a weakened Arabian caliphate. The city was also ruled by Georgian Kingdom, Atabegs of Azerbaijan and Khwarezmid Empire before Mongol invasion.


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3 ) Astara
Popular - Beach     Location - Astara, -Astara, -Azerbaijan

The coastal Astara region is 86% ethnic Tahsh, lushly forested and is known especially lor its citrus fruits. Rising rapidly behind this narrow fringe, the first phalanx of wooded hills are vaguely evocative of South-East Asia with big slightly sparse tree cover on thin, red soil. Behind are folds of forested mountains hiding numerous villages. These would make for intriguing horseback exploration but the roads are impossibly muddy even in dry weather. Astara Town offers very little but the Istisu excursion is fun and Archivan's Yanar Bulaq is fascinating.

Astara is divided by the Iranian border. Vehicles queue for hours via Cafar Cabbarli Street. However, on foot there's a special crossing point hidden away behind an unmarked grey metal door where Azadlyq Street appears to end. You can walk from the town centre or take a short taxi ride from the main bus station.

As long as you avoid the tedious Tehran-Baku through buses, the border appears to be hassle-free.

The border is open between 8am and lpm and 2pm till at least 6:30pm, possibly as late as 8pm. If heading southbound change enough money with the freelancers near the Iran-side border post to get you to Rasht, Ardabil or Tabriz, the nearest towns where banks will exchange (cash only) at decent rates.

From the Iran side of the border walk two minutes south down the alley in front of you to Hakim Nezami St where it's easy to find a taxi for the 3km ride to the bus station. Buses leave every hour or so to Tehran via Rasht or take a shared taxi (savari) from outside. For the busy, beautiful road to Ardebil rarer buses sometimes pick up at the roundabout 300m further south


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4 ) Ganja
Popular - Museum & Galleries     Location - Ganja, -Ganja City, -Azerbaijan

Another one of the famous Azerbaijan destinations is Ganja. This is the second biggest city in Azerbaijan. The city has changed its name several times during the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union regime.

Located in the western part of Azerbaijan country, Ganja offers some of the best tourist attractions in Azerbaijan, including some of the most prominent museums in Azerbaijan and the most stunning Azerbaijan landmarks.

Visiting The History Museum should be in your what to do in Azerbaijan list. This Azerbaijan country’s point of interest is located on Ataturk Avenue. Not many tourists know this Azerbaijan attraction, but once you’re inside, you will wonder why this place is not that famous. The History Museum houses extensive, impressive historical artifacts dated from the Bronze Era.


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5 ) Lankaran
Popular - Scenic Area     Location - Lankaran, -Lankaran, -Azerbaijan

Lankaran is located in the south-eastern part of Azerbaijan on the Caspian Sea. This is one of the most interesting cities in the country with its exquisite architecture, a wonderful climate and beautiful natural landscapes. Many of the local population are ethnic Talysh, who have to this day preserved their ancient traditions and customs. The Lankaran region's subtropical climate is ideal for growing citrus fruits, rice, grapes and tobacco and Lankaran tea is famous through the country. Hirkan National Park (home to the Caucasian leopard) and Gizilagaj Reserve are partially located in Lankaran and are extremely interesting for eco-tourism enthusiasts. There are also plenty of historical monuments in Lankaran, notably the Lankaran Fortress, or more accurately, its remaining fragments.  

The Lankaran region's subtropical climate is ideal for growing citrus fruits, rice, grapes and tobacco and Lankaran tea is famous through the country. Hirkan National Park (home to the Caucasian leopard) and Gizilagaj Reserve are partially located in Lankaran and are extremely interesting for eco-tourism enthusiasts.

Several famous cities of Azerbaijan are located on the shore of the Caspian Sea. One of those cities in Azerbaijan is Lankaran. Lankaran is found not too far from the Iranian border. Lies in the southeastern area of Azerbaijan, Lankaran, has some beautiful and quite isolated beaches south of the downtown.

Not only pristine beaches, but east of Lankaran also offers hot springs that can be used for therapy. The area is called Istisu Sanatorium.


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6 ) Khachmaz Rayon
Popular - Arts and Cultural     Location - Khachmaz Rayon, -Xacmaz, -Azerbaijan

Khachmaz  is one of administrative divisions of Azerbaijan. It is about 10 km from the Caspian Sea, below Khudat, and to the east of Quba. Khachmaz is 170 kilometres north of the capital Baku. The Khachmaz rayon borders the Republic of Dagestan of the Russian Federation.The villages of Uryanoba and Kharakhoba were exclaves belonging to Russian Federation, Republic of Dagestan.

If you travel to Azerbaijan, one of the prominent places to visit in Azerbaijan will be Khachmaz. Located in the northeastern part of the country, Khachmaz owns a wonderfully varied landscape.

You will find the Caucasus Mountains on the west and the Caspian Sea in the east. No wonder Khachmaz is one of the gems in Azerbaijan tourism. You have to spend several days in this city during your Azerbaijan travel.

Some of Azerbaijan’s points of interest are located here in Khachmaz. Those places would be Khudat fortress, Sarkartapa, and Bostanly Village, which dated from the medieval period.

 


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7 ) Quba
Popular - Old Mosque     Location - Quba, -Quba, -Azerbaijan

Quba was mentioned in works of various European geographers, in ancient Arabic and Albanian sources. The castle built by the ruler Anushiravan in the 11th century was called "Bade-Firuz Qubat", and in the Arabic sources of the XII century Quba was mentioned as "Cuba". In the 13th century, in the Dictionary of Geographical names of Arabian scientist Hamabi it was mentioned among the Azerbaijani cities as Kubba, and in the sources of 16th century Quba was referred to as "Dome".

One of the most interesting Azerbaijan places to visit will be Quba. Located near the Caucasus mountains, Quba offers this refreshing green landscape, making it the perfect getaway for those of you who are tired of the hustle and bustle of big cities.

As one of the best places to go to Azerbaijan, Quba offers a lot of entertaining activities for tourists. Some of the hotels here have high-quality spas that will make their best efforts to help their guests to recharge and relax.

Quba is also famous for its Afurdja waterfall. This impressive waterfall is 75 meters tall.

 


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8 ) Naftalan
Popular - Culture     Location - Naftalan, -Naftalan, -Azerbaijan

Archaeological findings in the region date to the 12th century AD. Naftalan city was functioning as a settlement within the Goranboy and Yevlakh districts until 1967. On April 28, 1967, Naftalan was granted the status of subordinate city. The city of Naftalan consists of a city and two villages. The base of Naftalan city is Sanatorium - Resort infrastructure. Naftalan Resort has been operating since 1933. In 1938, the Naftalan Experimental Laboratory was established in the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation. The biological and therapeutic effects of the Naftalan oil began to be studied there. Also, in 1965, Scientific Research Laboratory was established in Naftalan.

In your Azerbaijan travel list, you should put Naftalan. This resort city is one of the best places to visit in Azerbaijan.

Naftalan is famous for its oil medical treatment. The people believe that the crude extracted here have some healing effects. There are spas in Naftalan offering oil bath and other oil-based remedies that you can use to heal your medical problem or that you can enjoy, helping you to relax.

So, when you travel to “Azerbaijan and looking for some unusual things to do in Azerbaijan, you should go to Naftalan.


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Activity



1 ) Baku Boulevard
Activity Category - Attraction

The Boulevard along the Caspian is a beautiful, several kilometer long parkway that is a real gem of the city. Baku Boulevard (also known as National Park) is a promenade established in 1909 which runs parallel to Baku's seafront. Its history goes back more than 100 years, to a time when Baku oil barons built their mansions along the Caspian shore and when the seafront was artificially built up inch by inch.

The park is about 3 km and 750 m in size and located in south coast of the Caspian Sea. It starts at the National Flag Square and ends at Freedom Square. According to the Azerbaijan Cabinet of Ministers, the boulevard's size is expected to reach 26 km, which will cover areas including Bibiheyb?t and Bay of Baku by 2015.

The project on expansion of the Baku boulevard aims at creating more comfortable conditions for the residents of the capital city and the guests to have a rest and take sports in more comfortable conditions at the Caspian seashore. Before the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 the boulevard was extended to the National Flag Square.

 


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2 ) Old City Baku
Activity Category - Historical Place

Old City or Inner City (Azerbaijani: İçərişəhər) is the historical core of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The Old City is the most ancient part of Baku, which is surrounded by walls which were easily defended. In 2007, the Old City had a population of about 3000 people. In December 2000, the Old City of Baku, including the Palace of the Shirvanshahs and Maiden Tower, became the first location in Azerbaijan to be classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


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3 ) Flame Towers
Activity Duration - 10am to 1pm and 2pm to 10pm     Activity Category - Tower

Flame Towers is a trio of skyscrapers in Baku, Azerbaijan, the height of the tallest tower is 182 m. Towers representing flames symbolize fire as a sign of Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrianism by Azerbaijanies and Azerbaijan as a birthplace for the prophet Zoroaster.
 

The Flame Towers consist of three buildings: South, East and West. The facades of the three Flame Towers function as large display screens with the use of more than 10,000 high-power LED luminaires, supplied by the Osram subsidiary Traxon Technologies and Vetas Electric Lighting.


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4 ) Azerbaijan Carpet Museum
Activity Duration - 10am to 6pm     Activity Category - Museum

Carpet weaving in Azerbaijan appeared a long time ago: it is the oldest type of applied art in the region, a fact that has been proven by numerous archaeological findings from around the country.

It was a gifted carpet master, a National Artist of the Azerbaijan SSR Lyatif Kerimov, who first had the idea to make a museum dedicated to carpets. Thanks to his efforts, the first museum specializing in the study and protection of Azerbaijan’s ancient carpets was opened. Work to collect exhibits and items began in 1967, and in 1972, the first visitors could see the rare exhibits collected in the museum. The original museum fit perfectly, as the ancient carpets perfectly complemented the interior of the old Juma Mosque in the heart of Icheri Sheher.


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5 ) Maiden Tower
Activity Duration - 9am to 6pm     Activity Category - Tower

The Maiden Tower is a 12th-century monument in the Old City, Baku, Azerbaijan. Along with the Shirvanshahs' Palace, dated to the 15th century, it forms a group of historic monuments listed in 2001 under the UNESCO World Heritage List of Historical Monuments as cultural property, Category III. 

This  29m stone tower is Baku’s foremost historical icon, with rooftop views surveying Baku Bay and the Old City. Possibly millennia old, its construction date is the subject of much debate, though much of the present structure appears to be 12th century. The Azeri name, Qız Qalası, is usually rendered ‘Maiden’s Tower’ in English, leading to plenty of patently fictitious fairy tales. Various versions are considered in the imaginative little multimedia installations that adorn several floors of the tower's interior.


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6 ) Baku Ferris Wheel (Baku Eye)
Activity Duration - 10:00 AM to 11:00 PM     Activity Category - National Park

Baku Ferris Wheel, also known as the Baku Eye and Devil's Wheel (Azerbaijani: Şeytan çarxı), is a ferris wheel on Baku Boulevard in the Seaside National Park of Baku, capital of Azerbaijan.The wheel was built by the Dutch company Dutch Wheels. It was opened on 10 March 2014 by the Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev, and opened to the public two days later.

The wheel is 60 metres (200 ft) tall and has 30 cabins, each holding eight people. It makes a complete turn in 30 to 40 minutes.The cabinets of the Ferris Wheel are equipped with conditioners. Small monitors have been set up so that passengers can spend their time entertaining. There are totally 30 cabinets which are intended for 8 people each. 2 of them are VIP cabinets which are for 4 people. The doors of the attraction are opened and closed in a centralized manner in order to ensure safety. At the same time, with this purpose all the cabinets are covered with transparent glass constructions. There are special ladders for each cabinet, which is designed to facilitate the evacuation of passengers in the case of any malfunction in the attraction. Users of "Satan's Ride" have the opportunity to gaze the Baku Bay, the Flag Square, the Crystal Hall and the whole city.


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Festival

1 ) 1. Baku International Jazz Festival

Festival Month - October

Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, is known all around the world for hosting some amazing music festivals.These festivals have visitors from all over the world and one of the biggest festivals, the Jazz Festival is a one of a kind of event for all the Jazz-lovers out there. With the likes of Denise Fontoura, Djabe and Albert Hera having performed this one is a big deal. Dates: 18-27 October, 2019 Location: Baku, Azerbaijan


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2 ) 2. Goychay Pomegranate Festival

Festival Month - November

Have you ever attended a festival where the entire cuisine was made out of a fruit? Crazy as it may sound, this is the idea behind the Goychay Pomegranate Festival. There are also competitions such as the biggest pomegranate eating competition. At the festival a parade is held with Azerbaijani music and dance. Date: 12 November, 2019 Location: Goychay, Azerbaijan


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3 ) 3. Festival Of Colours In Azerbaijan

Festival Month - June

As we said, the people of Azerbaijan like to put up a show, that is what happens at the festival of colours in Azerbaijan. Hundreds and thousands of people chuck coloured powder and water on each other and have a time of their life. The inspiration behind the festival is the Hindu festival of Holi, celebrated on the first day of Spring. Date: 15 June, 2019 Location: AF Hotel & Aqua Park Complex, Azerbaijan


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